Prime Minister of Tonga


The prime minister of Tonga (historically referred to as the premier) is the country's head of government. Tonga is a monarchy with the king, currently Tupou VI, former prime minister, as head of state.[2] The current prime minister is Pōhiva Tuʻiʻonetoa, in office since 8 October 2019 following the death of ʻAkilisi Pōhiva on 12 September 2019.[3]

Prime Minister of the
Kingdom of Tonga
Incumbent
Pōhiva Tuʻiʻonetoa

since 8 October 2019
StyleThe Honourable
StatusHead of Government
AbbreviationPM
Member ofCabinet of Tonga, Legislative Assembly of Tonga
SeatNuku’alofa
AppointerKing of Tonga
Constituting instrumentConstitution of Tonga
Inaugural holderTēvita ʻUnga (Premier)
Fatafehi Tuʻipelehake (Prime Minister)
Formation1876 (Premier)
1970 (Prime Minister)
DeputyDeputy Prime Minister of Tonga
(Vacant since 14 December 2020)
SalaryT$ 94,500 annually[1]
Websitehttps://pmo.gov.to/
Prime Minister’s Office in Nuku’alofa

The office of prime minister was established by the Constitution of 1875, whose article 51 stipulates that the prime minister and other ministers are appointed and dismissed by the king.[4]

2000s democratization


During the 2000s, the country experienced an increase in democratization. In March 2006, King Tāufaʻāhau Tupou IV appointed Feleti Sevele, a moderate member of the Human Rights and Democracy Movement, as prime minister. Sevele was the first commoner to hold this post since Shirley Waldemar Baker in 1881. All the prime ministers since Baker had been members of the nobility, or even the royal family.[5]

In July 2008, King George Tupou V announced more substantial democratic reforms. He would abandon the essential part of his executive powers, and would henceforth follow the custom of monarchies such as the United Kingdom, exercising his prerogatives only with the prime minister's advice. In addition, he would no longer appoint the prime minister anyone he wished, but would appoint a member of the Legislative Assembly to be elected by the Legislative Assembly.[6][7][8]

List of premiers/prime ministers of Tonga (1876–present)


No. Portrait NameTook officeLeft officeTime in officePartyMonarch
1
Unga, TēvitaCrown Prince
Tēvita ʻUnga
(c. 1824–1879)
1 January 187618 December 1879 3 years, 351 daysIndependentGeorge Tupou I
Vacant (18 December 1879 – April 1881)
2
Baker, Shirley WaldemarRev.
Shirley Waldemar Baker
(1836–1903)
April 1881July 18909 years, 3 monthsIndependentGeorge Tupou I
3
Tukuʻaho, SiaosiSiaosi Tukuʻaho
(1854–1897)
July 189018932–3 yearsIndependentGeorge Tupou I
4
Veikune, SiosatekiSiosateki Veikune
(1853–1913)
1893January 190511–12 yearsIndependentGeorge Tupou II
5
Pelehake, Siaosi TuʻiSiaosi Tuʻi Pelehake
(1842–1912)
January 1905January 19050 monthsIndependentGeorge Tupou II
6
Mateialona, Sione TupouSione Tupou Mateialona
(1852–1925)
January 190530 September 19127 years, 7 monthsIndependentGeorge Tupou II
7
Tuʻivakano, TevitaTevita Tuʻivakano
(1869–1923)
30 September 191230 June 192310 years, 304 daysIndependentGeorge Tupou II
Sālote Tupou III
8
Mailefihi, Viliami TungīPrince
Viliami Tungī Mailefihi CBE
(1887–1941)
30 June 192320 July 194118 years, 20 daysIndependentSālote Tupou III
9
Ata, Solomone UlaSolomone Ula Ata OBE
(1883–1950)
20 July 194112 December 19498 years, 145 daysIndependentSālote Tupou III
10
Tungi, Taufa'ahauCrown Prince
Taufa'ahau Tungi KBE
(1918–2006)
[lower-alpha 1]
12 December 194916 December 196516 years, 4 daysIndependentSālote Tupou III
11
Tuʻipelehake, FatafehiPrince
Fatafehi Tuʻipelehake CBE
(1922–1999)
16 December 196522 August 199125 years, 249 daysIndependentTāufaʻāhau Tupou IV
12
Tupou, SiaosiBaron
Siaosi Tuʻihala ʻAlipate Vaea Tupou
(1921–2009)
22 August 19913 January 20008 years, 134 daysIndependentTāufaʻāhau Tupou IV
13
Tukuʻaho, AhoʻeituPrince
ʻAhoʻeitu ʻUnuakiʻotonga Tukuʻaho
(born 1959)
[lower-alpha 2]
3 January 200011 February 20066 years, 39 daysIndependentTāufaʻāhau Tupou IV
14
Sevele, FeletiDr.
Feleti Sevele
(born 1944)
30 March 200622 December 20104 years, 314 daysHRDMTāufaʻāhau Tupou IV
George Tupou V
15
Tuʻivakanō, SialeʻataongoSiale ʻAtaongo Kaho, Lord Tuʻivakanō
(born 1952)
22 December 201030 December 20144 years, 8 daysIndependentGeorge Tupou V
Tupou VI
16
Pōhiva, AkilisiʻAkilisi Pōhiva
(1941–2019)
30 December 201412 September 2019 4 years, 256 daysDPFITupou VI
Sika, SemisiSemisi Sika
(born 1968)
Acting
12 September 20198 October 201926 daysDPFITupou VI
17
Tuionetoa, PohivaPōhiva Tuʻiʻonetoa
(born 1961)
8 October 2019Incumbent1 year, 257 daysIndependentTupou VI

Living former prime ministers


As of June 2021, there are three former living Tongan prime ministers, including King Tupou VI, as seen below. This listing excludes former acting prime ministers.

See also


Notes


  1. Later King Taufa'ahau Tupou IV.
  2. Later King Tupou VI.

References