Prince Andrew of Greece and Denmark

Prince Andrew of Greece and Denmark (Greek: Ανδρέας; Danish: Andreas; 2 February [O.S. 21 January] 1882 – 3 December 1944) of the House of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Glücksburg, was the seventh child and fourth son of King George I of Greece and Olga Constantinovna of Russia. He was a grandson of Christian IX of Denmark and father of Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh. He was a prince of both Denmark and Greece by virtue of his patrilineal descent.

Prince Andrew
Portrait by Philip de László, 1913
Born(1882-02-02)2 February 1882
Athens, Kingdom of Greece
Died3 December 1944(1944-12-03) (aged 62)
Metropole Hotel, Monte Carlo, Monaco
Burial
Royal Cemetery, Tatoi Palace, Athens, Greece
Spouse
(m. 1903)
Issue
HouseGlücksburg
FatherGeorge I of Greece
MotherOlga Constantinovna of Russia
Military career
Allegiance Kingdom of Greece
Service/branch Hellenic Army
Years of service1901–1909
1912–1917
1920–1922
RankMajor General[1]
Commands heldV Army Corps
II Army Corps
Battles/warsBalkan Wars

Greco-Turkish War

He began military training at an early age, and was commissioned as an officer in the Greek army. His command positions were substantive appointments rather than honorary, and he saw service in the Balkan Wars. In 1913, his father was assassinated and Andrew's elder brother, Constantine, became king. The king's neutrality policy during World War I led to his abdication, and most of the royal family, including Andrew, was exiled. On their return a few years later, Andrew saw service as Major General[1] in the Greco-Turkish War (1919–1922), but the war went badly for Greece, and Andrew was blamed, in part, for the loss of Greek territory. He was exiled for a second time in 1922, and spent most of the rest of his life in France.

By 1930, he was estranged from his wife, Princess Alice of Battenberg. His only son, Prince Philip, served in the British navy during World War II, while all four of his daughters were married to Germans, three of whom had Nazi connections. Separated from his wife and son by the effects of the war, Andrew died in Monte Carlo in 1944. He had seen neither of them since 1939.