Principality of Serbia

The Principality of Serbia (Serbian Cyrillic: Кнежевина Србија, romanized: Kneževina Srbija) was an independent state in the Balkans that came into existence as a result of the Serbian Revolution, which lasted between 1804 and 1817.[2] Its creation was negotiated first through an unwritten agreement between Miloš Obrenović, leader of the Second Serbian Uprising, and Ottoman official Marashli Pasha. It was followed by the series of legal documents published by the Porte in 1828, 1829 and finally, 1830 — the Hatt-i Sharif. Its de facto independence ensued in 1867, following the expulsion of all Ottoman troops from the country; its independence was recognized internationally in 1878 by the Treaty of Berlin. In 1882 the country was elevated to the status of kingdom.

Principality of Serbia
Княжество Сербіа
Кнежевина Србија
1815–1882
Anthem: "Востани Сербіє" / "Vostani Serbije"
(English: "Arise, Serbia")
The Principality of Serbia in 1878
CapitalBelgrade (1841-82)
Kragujevac (1818–38)
Gornja Crnuća (1815–18)
Common languagesSerbian
Religion
Serbian Orthodoxy
Demonym(s)Serbian
GovernmentAbsolute monarchy (1815–38)
Constitutional monarchy (1835, 1838–82)
Prince (Knez) 
 1817–1839 (first)
Miloš Obrenović I
 1868–1882 (last)
Milan Obrenović IV
Prime Minister 
 1815–1816 (first)
Petar Nikolajević
 1880–1882 (last)
Milan Piroćanac
History 
 Recognition by the Sublime Porte
1815
February 15, 1835
 de facto independence
1867
July 13, 1878
1882
Area
1815[1]24,440 km2 (9,440 sq mi)
183437,511 km2 (14,483 sq mi)
Population
 1815[1]
322,500–342,000
 1834
702,000
 1874
1,353,000
ISO 3166 codeRS
Preceded by
Succeeded by
Sanjak of Smederevo
Revolutionary Serbia
Kingdom of Serbia
Today part ofSerbia