Prithvi Narayan Shah

Maharajadhiraj Prithivi Narayan Shah (1723–1775;[5] Nepali: पृथ्वीनारायण शाह) was the last ruler of the Gorkha Kingdom and first monarch of Kingdom of Nepal (also called Kingdom of Gorkha). Prithvi Narayan Shah started the unification of Nepal.[6]

Prithvi Narayan Shah
Oldest known painting of Prithvi Narayan Shah (painted during his reign).
King of Gorkha
Reign3 April 1743 – 25 September 1768[1]
Coronation3 April 1743[1][2]
PredecessorNara Bhupal Shah
SuccessorPosition abolished
King of Nepal
Reign25 September 1768[3]– 11 January 1775
Coronation25 September 1768
SuccessorPratap Singh Shah
Born(1723-01-11)11 January 1723[4]
Gorkha Palace, Gorkha Kingdom
(present-day Gorkha District, Nepal)
Died11 January 1775(1775-01-11) (aged 52)
Devighat, Kingdom of Nepal
SpousesIndra Kumari Devi
Narendra Rajya Lakshmi Devi
Icchavati Devi
Dayavati Devi
IssuePratap Singh Shah
Vedum Shah
Bahadur Shah
Narayan Shah
Vishnu Shah Bilas Kumari
Regnal name
Shree Paanch Bada Maharajadhiraj Prithvi Narayan Shah Dev
FatherNara Bhupal Shah
MotherKaushalyavati Devi

Shah proclaimed the newly unified Kingdom of Nepal as Asal Hindustan ("Real Land of Hindus") due to North India being ruled by the Islamic Mughal rulers. He also referred to the rest of Northern India as Mughlan (Country of Mughals).[7] Prithvi Narayan Shah is commonly, though not formally, considered the Father of the Nation in Nepal.[8][9]