Providence, Rhode Island

Providence is the capital and most populous city of the U.S. state of Rhode Island. One of the oldest cities in the United States,[7] it was founded in 1636 by Roger Williams, a Reformed Baptist theologian and religious exile from the Massachusetts Bay Colony. He named the area in honor of "God's merciful Providence" which he believed was responsible for revealing such a haven for him and his followers. The city is situated at the mouth of the Providence River at the head of Narragansett Bay.

Providence, Rhode Island
City of Providence
From top, left to right: Downtown Providence skyline and the Providence River, Weybosset Street and the Providence Performing Arts Center, University Hall at Brown University, the Crawford Street Bridge and Financial District, DePasquale Square in Federal Hill, Rhode Island State House
Nickname(s): 
The Creative Capital, the Renaissance City, the Divine City, PVD, Prov
Motto(s): 
"What Cheer?"[lower-alpha 1]
Interactive map of Providence
Coordinates: 41°49′25″N 71°25′20″W
Country United States
State Rhode Island
CountyProvidence
RegionNew England
Settled1636
Incorporated (town)June 1636
Incorporated (city)November 5, 1832
Founded byRoger Williams
Government
  TypeMayor-Council
  MayorJorge Elorza (D)
  BodyProvidence City Council
Area
  State capital city20.58 sq mi (53.31 km2)
  Land18.41 sq mi (47.67 km2)
  Water2.18 sq mi (5.64 km2)
Elevation
75 ft (23 m)
Population
 (2010)
  State capital city178,042
  Estimate 
(2019)[4]
179,883
  RankUS: 134th
  Density9,773.06/sq mi (3,773.43/km2)
  Urban
1,190,956 (US: 39th)
  Metro
1,604,291 (US: 38th)
Time zoneUTC−5 (Eastern Time Zone)
  Summer (DST)UTC−4 (EDT)
ZIP Codes
02901–02912, 02918-02919, 02940
Area code401
FIPS code44-59000[5]
GNIS feature ID1219851[6]
Major highways
Commuter Rail MBTA Commuter Rail
Websitewww.providenceri.gov

Providence was one of the first cities in the country to industrialize and became noted for its textile manufacturing and subsequent machine tool, jewelry, and silverware industries.[8][9] Today, the city of Providence is home to eight hospitals and seven institutions of higher learning which have shifted the city's economy into service industries, though it still retains some manufacturing activity.

As of the 2020 United States Census, Providence has a population of 190,934, making it the third-most-populous city in New England after Boston and Worcester, Massachusetts.[10][11]