Province of Pennsylvania

The Province of Pennsylvania, also known as the Pennsylvania Colony, was a British North American colony founded by William Penn after receiving a land grant from Charles II of England in 1681. The name Pennsylvania ("Penn's Woods") refers to William's father, Admiral Sir William Penn.

Province of Pennsylvania
1681–1776
Map of the Province of Pennsylvania
Status
CapitalPhiladelphia
Official languagesEnglish, Pennsylvania German
GovernmentProprietary Colony
Monarch 
 1681–1685
Charles II
 1685–1688
James II
 1689–1702
William III & Mary II
 1702–1714
Anne
 1714–1727
George I
 1727–1760
George II
 1760–1776
George III
Lieutenant Governor 
 1681–1682
William Markham
 1773-1776
John Penn
LegislaturePennsylvania Provincial Assembly
 Upper house
Pennsylvania Provincial Council
 Lower house
Pennsylvania General Assembly
History 
 Land grant by Charles II of England to William Penn
March 4 1681
July 4 1776
CurrencyPennsylvania pound
Preceded by
Succeeded by
New Netherland
Pennsylvania 
Today part ofUnited States

The Province of Pennsylvania was one of the two major Restoration colonies. The proprietary colony's charter remained in the hands of the Penn family until they were ousted by the American Revolution, when the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania was created and became one of the original thirteen states. "The lower counties on Delaware," a separate colony within the province, broke away during the American Revolution as "the Delaware State" and was also one of the original thirteen states.

The colony attracted Quakers, Germans, and Scots-Irish frontiersmen. The Lenape promoted peace with the Quakers. However, wars eventually broke out after William Penn and Tamanend were no longer living. Lenape beliefs were demonized by the Quakers even though the latter had come seeking religious freedom in the first place.[1] Philadelphia became a major port and commercial city.[2]


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