Province of Pennsylvania

The Province of Pennsylvania, also known as the Pennsylvania Colony, was a British North American colony founded by William Penn after receiving a land grant from Charles II of England in 1681. The name Pennsylvania ("Penn's Woods") refers to William's father, Admiral Sir William Penn.

Province of Pennsylvania
Map of the Province of Pennsylvania
Official languagesEnglish, Pennsylvania German
GovernmentProprietary Colony
Charles II
James II
William III & Mary II
George I
George II
George III
Lieutenant Governor 
William Markham
John Penn
LegislaturePennsylvania Provincial Assembly
 Upper house
Pennsylvania Provincial Council
 Lower house
Pennsylvania General Assembly
 Land grant by Charles II of England to William Penn
March 4 1681
July 4 1776
CurrencyPennsylvania pound
Preceded by
Succeeded by
New Netherland
Today part ofUnited States

The Province of Pennsylvania was one of the two major Restoration colonies. The proprietary colony's charter remained in the hands of the Penn family until they were ousted by the American Revolution, when the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania was created and became one of the original thirteen states. "The lower counties on Delaware," a separate colony within the province, broke away during the American Revolution as "the Delaware State" and was also one of the original thirteen states.

The colony attracted Quakers, Germans, and Scots-Irish frontiersmen. The Lenape promoted peace with the Quakers. However, wars eventually broke out after William Penn and Tamanend were no longer living. Lenape beliefs were demonized by the Quakers even though the latter had come seeking religious freedom in the first place.[1] Philadelphia became a major port and commercial city.[2]

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