Provinces of Afghanistan


Afghanistan is made up of 34 provinces (ولايت, wilåyat). The provinces of Afghanistan are the primary administrative divisions. Each province encompasses a number of districts or usually over 1,000 villages.

Provinces of Afghanistan
CategoryUnitary state
LocationIslamic Republic of Afghanistan
Number34 provinces
Populations147,964 (Nuristan) – 4,372,977 (Kabul)
Areas737 sq mi (1,908 km2) (Kapisa) – 22,512 sq mi (58,305 km2) (Helmand)
Government
Subdivisions

Provincial governments are led by a governor who is appointed by the President of Afghanistan.[1] Each province is represented in the government of Afghanistan by two members in the House of Elders. One is elected by the provincial council to a four-year term while the second is elected by the district councils to a three-year term. Representation in the House of the People is directly from the districts, although in each province, two or more of the representatives must be women. They are appointed by the President of Afghanistan.

Provincial governors have played a critical role in the reconstruction of the Afghan state following the creation of the new government under Hamid Karzai.[2] According to international security scholar, Dipali Mukhopadhyay, many of the provincial governors are former warlords who have been incorporated into the political system.[2]

Provinces of Afghanistan


Afghanistan political map- provinces named.
Provinces of Afghanistan[3]
Province Map # ISO 3166-2:AF[4] License
Plate
Code
Capital Population
(2015)[5]
Area
(km2)
Population
density
(km2)[6]
No. of
Districts
U.N. Region Region
Badakhshan30AF-BDSBDNFayzabad950,95344,83522.229North EastNorth
Badghis4AF-BDGBDGQala i Naw495,95820,79424.37WestCentral
Baghlan19AF-BGLBAGPuli Khumri910,78418,25552.116North EastNorth
Balkh13AF-BALBLHMazar-i-Sharif1,325,65916,18680.715North WestNorth
Bamyan15AF-BAMBAMBamyan487,21818,02925.47WestCentral
Daykundi10AF-DAYDYKNili507,33917,51528.18South WestSouth
Farah2AF-FRAFRHFarah507,40549,33910.411WestCentral
Faryab5AF-FYBFYBMaymana998,14720,79749.014North WestNorth
Ghazni16AF-GHAGAZGhazni1,228,83122,46057.419South EastSouth
Ghor6AF-GHOGHRChaghcharan790,29636,67618.911WestCentral
Helmand7AF-HELHELLashkargah924,71158,30515.913South WestSouth
Herat1AF-HERHRTHerat1,890,20255,86835.115WestCentral
Jowzjan8AF-JOWJZJSheberghan540,25511,29149.59North WestNorth
Kabul22AF-KABKBLKabul4,372,9774,523917.718CentralCentral
Kandahar12AF-KANKRDKandahar1,226,59354,84423.216South WestSouth
Kapisa29AF-KAPKPSMahmud-i-Raqi441,0101,908238.27CentralCentral
Khost26AF-KHOKSTKhost574,5824,235136.313South EastSouth
Kunar34AF-KNRKNRAsadabad450,6524,92594.515EastCentral
Kunduz18AF-KDZKDZKunduz1,010,0378,080130.37North EastNorth
Laghman32AF-LAGLGMMihtarlam445,5883,977118.15EastCentral
Logar23AF-LOGLGRPul-i-Alam392,0454,56890.77CentralCentral
Nangarhar33AF-NANNGRJalalabad1,517,3887,641208.923EastCentral
Nimruz3AF-NIMNRZZaranj164,97842,4094.15South WestSouth
Nuristan31AF-NURNURParun147,9679,25516.77EastCentral
Paktia24AF-PIAPAKGardez551,9875,583106.411South EastSouth
Paktika25AF-PKAPKTSharana434,74219,51523.215South EastSouth
Panjshir28AF-PANPJRBazarak371,9023,77141.87CentralCentral
Parwan20AF-PARPRNCharikar664,5025,715120.99CentralCentral
Samangan14AF-SAMSAMSamangan387,92813,43730.65North WestNorth
Sar-e Pol9AF-SARSRPSar-e Pol559,57716,38537.37North WestNorth
Takhar17AF-TAKTAKTaloqan983,33612,45781.216North EastNorth
Uruzgan11AF-URUORZTarinkot386,81811,47332.76South WestSouth
Maidan Wardak21AF-WARWDKMaidan Shar596,28710,34857.39CentralCentral
Zabul17AF-ZABZBLQalat304,12617,47117.89South WestSouth

Former Provinces of Afghanistan


Provinces of Afghanistan in 1929.

See also


References


  1. Ahmed, Azam (8 December 2012). "For Afghan Officials, Facing Prospect of Death Is in the Job Description". The New York Times. Retrieved 18 June 2013.
  2. Mukhopadhyay, Dipali (2014). "Building a Theory of Strongman Governance in Afghanistan". Warlords, Strongman Governors, and the State in Afghanistan. p. 43. doi:10.1017/cbo9781139161817.001. ISBN 9781139161817.
  3. Afghan school books - Geography G-12, Page 22-23 (in Persian) https://moe.gov.af/sites/default/files/2020-03/G12-Dr-Geography.pdf
  4. ISO 3166-2:AF (ISO 3166-2 codes for the provinces of Afghanistan)
  5. "registered through Argeweb". www.geohive.com.
  6. "Afghanistan: Province Dashboard". World Bank.