Provinces of Indonesia


Provinces of Indonesia are the 34 largest subdivisions of the Indonesia and the highest tier of the local government (formerly called first-level region provinces or provinsi daerah tingkat I). Provinces are further divided into regencies and cities (formerly called second-level region regencies and cities or kabupaten/kotamadya daerah tingkat II), which are in turn subdivided into districts (kecamatan).

Provinces of Indonesia
CategoryProvince
LocationIndonesia
Number34 provinces
PopulationsSmallest: 622,350 (North Kalimantan)
Largest: 43,053,732 (West Java)
AreasSmallest: 664 km2 (256 sq mi) (Jakarta)
Largest: 319,036 km2 (123,180 sq mi) (Papua)
Government
Subdivisions

Background


Each province has a local government, headed by a governor, and a legislative body. The governor and members of local representative bodies are elected by popular vote for five-year terms.

Current provinces


Indonesia has 34 provinces. Five provinces have special status:

The provinces are officially grouped into seven geographical units.[1]

Click on a province name to go to its main article.

Table of provinces

Provinces of Indonesia[2][3]
Arms Province Indonesian name Indonesian acronym ISO[4] Capital Population (2020 Census)[5] Area (km2) Population density
per km2
(2010)
Geographical unit Number
of cities and
regencies
Number
of cities
Number of
regencies
Aceh AcehAcehID-ACBanda Aceh5,274,87157,95677Sumatra23518
Bali BaliBaliID-BADenpasar4,317,4045,780621Lesser Sunda Islands918
Bangka Belitung Islands Kepulauan Bangka BelitungBabelID-BBPangkalpinang1,455,67816,42464Sumatra716
Banten BantenBantenID-BTSerang (largest city: Tangerang)11,904,5629,662909Java844
Bengkulu BengkuluBengkuluID-BEBengkulu2,010,67019,91984Sumatra1019
Central Java Jawa TengahJatengID-JTSemarang36,516,03540,800894Java35629
Central Kalimantan Kalimantan TengahKaltengID-KTPalangka Raya2,669,969153,56414Kalimantan14113
Central Sulawesi Sulawesi TengahSultengID-STPalu2,985,73461,84141Sulawesi13112
East Java Jawa TimurJatimID-JISurabaya40,665,69647,799828Java38929
East Kalimantan[6] Kalimantan TimurKaltimID-KISamarinda (largest city: Balikpapan)3,766,039127,26722Kalimantan1037
East Nusa Tenggara Nusa Tenggara TimurNTTID-NTKupang5,325,56648,71892Lesser Sunda Islands22121
Gorontalo Gorontalo GorontaloID-GOGorontalo1,171,68111,25794Sulawesi615
Special Capital Region of Jakarta Daerah Khusus Ibukota JakartaDKIID-JKJakarta[lower-alpha 1]10,562,08866412,786Java651
Jambi JambiJambiID-JAJambi3,548,22850,05857Sumatra1129
Lampung Lampung LampungID-LABandar Lampung9,007,84834,623226Sumatra15213
Maluku Maluku MalukuID-MAAmbon1,848,92346,91432Maluku Islands1129
North Kalimantan Kalimantan UtaraKaltaraID-KUTanjung Selor (largest city: Tarakan)701,81472,27510Kalimantan514
North Maluku Maluku UtaraMalutID-MUSofifi (largest city: Ternate)1,282,93731,98231Maluku Islands1028
North Sulawesi Sulawesi UtaraSulutID-SAManado2,621,92313,851162Sulawesi15411
North Sumatra Sumatra UtaraSumutID-SUMedan14,799,36172,981188Sumatra33825
Papua PapuaPapuaID-PAJayapura4,303,707319,0368Western New Guinea29128
Riau RiauRiauID-RIPekanbaru6,394,08787,02352Sumatra12210
Riau Islands Kepulauan RiauKepriID-KRTanjungpinang (largest city: Batam)2,064,5648,201208Sumatra725
Southeast Sulawesi Sulawesi TenggaraSultraID-SGKendari2,624,87538,06751Sulawesi17215
South Kalimantan Kalimantan SelatanKalselID-KSBanjarmasin4,073,58438,74496Kalimantan13211
South Sulawesi Sulawesi SelatanSulselID-SNMakassar9,073,50946,717151Sulawesi24321
South Sumatra Sumatra SelatanSumselID-SSPalembang8,467,43291,59286Sumatra17413
West Java Jawa BaratJabarID-JBBandung (largest city: Bekasi)48,274,16235,3771,176Java27918
West Kalimantan Kalimantan BaratKalbarID-KBPontianak5,414,390147,30730Kalimantan14212
West Nusa Tenggara Nusa Tenggara BaratNTBID-NBMataram5,320,09218,572234Lesser Sunda Islands1028
West Papua Papua BaratPabarID-PB[7]Manokwari (largest city: Sorong)1,134,06897,0248Western New Guinea13112
West Sulawesi Sulawesi BaratSulbarID-SRMamuju1,419,22916,78773Sulawesi606
West Sumatra Sumatra BaratSumbarID-SBPadang5,534,47242,012110Sumatra19712
Special Region of Yogyakarta Daerah Istimewa Yogyakarta DIYID-YOYogyakarta3,668,7193,1331,138Java514

Former provinces


Three-province Sumatra (1948–56)
Two-province Sulawesi (1960–64)
Coat of arms of East Timor province

Upon the independence of Indonesia, eight provinces were established: West Java, Central Java, East Java, and Maluku still exist as of today despite later divisions, while Sumatra, Kalimantan, Sulawesi, and Nusa Tenggara were fully liquidated by dividing them into new provinces. The province of Central Sumatra existed from 1948 to 1957, while East Timor was annexed as a province from 1976 until its power transfer to UNTAET in 1999 prior to its independence as a country in 2002.

Province Capital Period Successor(s)
Sumatra[8] Bukittinggi / Medan 1945–1948 Central Sumatra
North Sumatra
South Sumatra
Kalimantan[9] Banjarmasin 1945–1956 East Kalimantan
South Kalimantan
West Kalimantan
Nusa Tenggara
(formerly Lesser Sunda (Sunda Kecil))[10]
Singaraja 1945–1958 Bali
East Nusa Tenggara
West Nusa Tenggara
Sulawesi[11] Makassar / Manado 1945–1960 North-Central Sulawesi
South-Southeast Sulawesi
Central Sumatra
(Sumatra Tengah)[8][12]
Bukittinggi 1948–1957 Jambi
Riau
West Sumatra
North-Central Sulawesi
(Sulawesi Utara-Tengah)[13]
Manado 1960–1964 North Sulawesi
Central Sulawesi
South-Southeast Sulawesi
(Sulawesi Selatan-Tenggara)[13]
Makassar 1960–1964 South Sulawesi
Southeast Sulawesi
East Timor
(Timor Timur)[14]
Dili 1976–1999 Democratic Republic of Timor-Leste

New provinces made from currently-existing provinces


The provinces' development in Indonesia over the years
Pre-1999 Maluku (L) and Irian Jaya (now Papua, R)
New province
(current name)
Year New province
(then name)
Province of origin
Aceh1956AcehNorth Sumatra
Central Kalimantan1958Central KalimantanSouth Kalimantan
Lampung1964LampungSouth Sumatra
Central Sulawesi1964Central SulawesiNorth Sulawesi
Southeast Sulawesi1964Southeast SulawesiSouth Sulawesi
Bengkulu1967BengkuluSouth Sumatra
West Papua1999West Irian JayaIrian Jaya
North Maluku1999North MalukuMaluku
Banten2000BantenWest Java
Bangka Belitung Islands2000Bangka Belitung IslandsSouth Sumatra
Gorontalo2000GorontaloNorth Sulawesi
Riau Islands2002Riau IslandsRiau
West Sulawesi2004West SulawesiSouth Sulawesi
North Kalimantan2012North KalimantanEast Kalimantan

Renamed provinces


Year Old name
(Indonesian)
Old name
(English)
New name
(Indonesian)
New name
(English)
Current name
1959AcehAcehDaerah Istimewa AcehAceh Special RegionAceh
1973Irian BaratWest IrianIrian JayaIrian JayaPapua
1990Daerah Khusus Ibukota Jakarta RayaGreater Jakarta Special Capital RegionDaerah Khusus Ibukota JakartaJakarta Special Capital RegionJakarta Special Capital Region
2001Daerah Istimewa AcehAceh Special RegionNanggroë Aceh DarussalamState of Aceh, the Abode of PeaceAceh
2002Irian JayaIrian JayaPapuaPapuaPapua
2007Irian Jaya BaratWest Irian JayaPapua BaratWest PapuaWest Papua
2009Nanggroë Aceh DarussalamState of Aceh, the Abode of PeaceAcehAcehAceh

See also


General:

Notes


  1. Jakarta is a provincial-level city

References


  1. ISO 3166-2:ID
  2. "Data Wilayah – Kementerian Dalam Negeri – Republik Indonesia". Archived from the original on 2012-02-22. Retrieved 2011-02-16.
  3. Buku Induk—Kode dan Data Wilayah Administrasi Pemerintahan per Provinsi, Kabupaten/Kota dan Kecamatan Seluruh Indonesia (PDF) (in Indonesian), Kementerian Dalam Negeri [Ministry of Home Affairs], archived from the original (PDF) on 2016-11-19
  4. ISO 3166-2:ID (ISO 3166-2 codes for the provinces of Indonesia)
  5. Badan Pusat Statistik/Statistics Indonesia, Jakarta, 2021.
  6. Figures adjusted to take account of the separation of Tarakan city and four regencies, as confirmed by Badan Pusat Statistik, to form the new province of North Kalimantan, listed separately in this table.
  7. West Papua was created from the western portion of Papua province in February 2003, initially under the name of Irian Jaya Barat, and was renamed Papua Barat (West Papua) on 7 February 2007. The split remains controversial. In November 2004, the Constitutional Court of Indonesia ruled that the split violated Papua's autonomy laws. However, since the western province had already been created, it should remain separate from Papua. The ruling also aborted the creation of another proposed province, Central Irian Jaya, because the split was not yet completed. As of June 2008, an ISO 3166-2 code has not yet been published for West Papua. If one were to follow precedent, it would be ID-PB. Note: ISO 3166-2 Newsletter II-1 (corrected 2010-02-19) page 18-19 confirms this as ID-PB. See http://www.iso.org/iso/iso_3166-2_newsletter_ii-1_corrected_2010-02-19.pdf . The code ID-IJ now refers to the larger geographical region including Papua and West Papua.
  8. "Peraturan Pemerintah Nomor 21 Tahun 1950" [Government Regulation Number 21 of 1950] (PDF), hukum.unsrat.ac.id (in Indonesian), archived from the original (PDF) on 2011-12-11, retrieved 1 May 2020
  9. "Undang-Undang Nomor 25 Tahun 1956" [Act Number 25 of 1956], hukumonline.com (in Indonesian), retrieved 14 November 2018
  10. "Undang-Undang Nomor 64 Tahun 1958" [Act Number 64 of 1958], hukumonline.com (in Indonesian), Republic of Indonesia, retrieved 14 November 2018
  11. "Peraturan Pemerintah Pengganti Undang-Undang Nomor 47 Tahun 1960" [Government Regulation in Lieu of Law Number 47 of 1960], hukumonline.com (in Indonesian), retrieved 14 November 2018
  12. "Undang-Undang Darurat Nomor 19 Tahun 1957" [Emergency Act Number 19 Year 1957], hukumonline.com (in Indonesian), retrieved 14 November 2018
  13. "Undang-Undang Nomor 13 Tahun 1964" [Act Number 13 of 1964]. hukumonline.com (in Indonesian). Retrieved 29 January 2020.
  14. Undang-Undang Republik Indonesia Nomor 7 Tahun 1976 [Act of the Republic of Indonesia Number 7 of 1976] (PDF) (in Indonesian), archived from the original (PDF) on 2018-11-14, retrieved 2018-11-14