Provinces of Iran


Iran is subdivided into thirty-one provinces (Persian: استان Ostān), each governed from a local centre, usually the largest local city, which is called the capital (Persian: مرکز, markaz) of that province. The provincial authority is headed by a Governor-general (Persian: استاندار Ostāndār), who is appointed by the Minister of the Interior subject to approval of the cabinet.[1]

Provinces of Iran
استان‌های ایران (in Persian)
  • Also known as:
  • Ostān
    استان
CategoryUnitary state
LocationIran
Number31
Populations580,158 (Ilam Province) – 13,267,637 (Tehran)
Areas5,833 km2 (2,252 sq mi) (Alborz) – 183,285 km2 (70,767 sq mi) (Kerman Province)
Government
Subdivisions
Provinces of Iran by population in 2021
Provinces of Iran by population density in 2013
Map of the Iranian provinces by Human Development Index in 2017.
Legend:
  0.800 – 1.000 (Very high)
  0.700 – 0.799 (High)
  0.600 – 0.699 (Medium)
Provinces of Iran by contribution to national GDP in 2014
Provinces of Iran by GDP per capita in 2012

Modern history


Iran has held its modern territory since the Treaty of Paris in 1857. From 1906 until 1950, Iran was divided into twelve provinces: Ardalan, Azerbaijan, Baluchestan, Fars, Gilan, Araq-e Ajam, Khorasan, Khuzestan, Kerman, Larestan, Lorestan, and Mazandaran.[2]

In 1950, Iran was reorganized to form ten numbered provinces with subordinate governorates: Gilan; Mazandaran; East Azerbaijan; West Azerbaijan; Kermanshah; Khuzestan; Fars; Kerman; Khorasan; Isfahan.[2]

From 1960 to 1981 the governorates were raised to provincial status one by one. Since then several new provinces have been created, most recently in 2010 when the new Alborz Province was split from Tehran province, and before that in 2004 when the province of Khorasan was divided into three provinces.[3]

Map of the 31 provinces of Iran

Information


Iran population broken down by province
Iran's GDP contribution broken down by province

Current provinces


Iranian provinces along with additional information and statistics
Province Capital Population, 2016[4] Population 2011 Annual Population Growth Rate (2006-2016) Population of the capital city Capital's share of provincial population Land Area (km2) Population Density (people per km2) Shahrestans (counties) Life expectancy, male[5] Life expectancy, female[5] Notes Map
AlborzKaraj2,712,400 2412513 3.21% 1592492 58.71% 5833465.014 74.4 78Until 23 June 2010, Alborz was part of Tehran province.
ArdabilArdabil1,270,420 1248488 0.50% 529374 41.67% 1780071.379 71.3 75.6Until 1993, Ardabil was part of East Azerbaijan province.[6]
Azerbaijan, EastTabriz3,909,652 3724620 1.08% 1558693 39.87% 4565085.6419 72.5 75.9
Azerbaijan, WestUrmia3,265,219 3080576 1.53% 793000 24.29% 3743787.2214 71.6 76.3During the Pahlavi Dynasty Urmia was known as Rezaiyeh.[7]
BushehrBushehr1,163,400 1032949 3.43% 223504 19.21% 2274351.159 71 73.5Originally part of Fars province. Until 1977, the province was known as Khalij-e Fars (Persian Gulf).[2]
Chahar Mahaal and BakhtiariShahrekord947,763 895263 1.23% 190441 20.09% 1633258.036 70.2 75Until 1973 was part of Isfahan province.[8]
FarsShiraz4,851,274 4596658 1.49% 1565572 32.27% 12260839.5723 72.1 76.3
GilanRasht2,530,696 2480874 0.63% 713000 28.17% 14042180.2216 72.1 76.5
GolestanGorgan1,868,819 1777014 1.73% 350676 18.77% 2019592.5311 70.8 74.2On the 31 May 1997, the shahrestans of Aliabad, Gonbad-e-kavus, Gorgan, Kordkuy, Minudasht, and Torkaman were separated from Mazandaran province to form Golestan province. Gorgan was called Esteraba or Astarabad until 1937.[2]
HamadanHamadan1,738,234 1738214 0.50% 554405 31.53% 1936890.788 71.2 75.6Originally part of Kermanshah province.[2]
HormozgānBandar Abbas1,776,415 1578183 3.01% 526648 29.65% 7066925.1411 69.9 73.7Originally part of Kerman province.[2] Until 1977, the province was known as Banader va Jazayer-e Bahr-e Oman (Ports and Islands of the Sea of Oman).[2]
IlamIlam580,158 557599 0.35% 194030 33.44% 2013328.827 70.5 72Originally part of Kermanshah province.[2]
IsfahanIsfahan5,120,850 4879312 1.64% 2132000 41.63% 10702947.8521 73 77In 1986, some parts of Markazi province were transferred to Isfahan, Semnan, and Zanjan provinces.[2]
KermanKerman3,164,718 2938988 2.24% 537718 16.99% 18328517.2714 71.4 75.5
KermanshahKermanshah1,952,434 1945227 0.60% 1026000 52.55% 2499878.1013 70.4 75.3Between 1950 and 1979, both Kermanshah province and city were known as Kermanshahan and between 1979 and 1995 were known as Bakhtaran.[2]
Khorasan, NorthBojnourd863,092 867727 0.90% 228931 26.52% 2843430.356 69.8 72.6On 29 September 2004, Khorasan was divided into three provinces. North Khorasan; Razavi Khorasan; South Khorasan.[3]
Khorasan, RazaviMashhad6,434,501 5994402 1.67% 3208000 49.86% 11888454.1229 72.1 76.2On 29 September 2004, Khorasan was divided into three provinces. North Khorasan; Razavi Khorasan; South Khorasan.[3]
Khorasan, SouthBirjand768,898 662534 2.80% 203636 26.48% 1519135.068 70.8 73.9On 29 September 2004, Khorasan was divided into three provinces. North Khorasan; Razavi Khorasan; South Khorasan.[3]
KhuzestanAhvaz4,710,509 4531720 1.24% 1244000 26.41% 6405573.5418 71.3 73.9
Kohgiluyeh and Boyer-AhmadYasuj713,052 658629 1.47% 134532 18.87% 1550445.995 71.2 73.1Originally part of Khuzestan province. Until 1990, the province was known as Bovir Ahmadi and Kohkiluyeh.[2]
KurdistanSanandaj1,603,011 1493645 1.32% 412767 25.75% 2913755.029 70.6 74.1Originally part of Gilan province.[2]
LorestanKhorramabad1,760,649 1754243 0.42% 373416 21.21% 2829462.239 71.1 74.5Originally part of Khuzestan province.[2]
MarkaziArak1,429,475 1413959 0.77% 520944 36.44% 2913049.0710 72.9 76.7Originally part of Mazandaran province.[2] In 1986, some parts of Markazi province were transferred to Isfahan, Semnan, and Zanjan provinces.[2]
MazandaranSari3,283,582 3073943 1.35% 309820 9.44% 23701138.5415 73.5 77
QazvinQazvin1,273,761 1201565 1.29% 402748 31.62% 1554981.925 71.8 75.3On 31 December 1996, the shahrestans of Qazvin and Takestan were separated from Zanjan province to form the province of Qazvin.[2]
QomQom1,292,283 1151672 2.47% 1288000 99.67% 11526112.121 71.5 75.6Until 1995, Qom was a shahrestan of Tehran province.[2]
SemnanSemnan702,360 631218 2.30% 134532 19.15% 974917.204 73.2 76.1Originally part of Mazandaran province.[2] In 1986, some parts of Markazi province were transferred to Isfahan, Semnan, and Zanjan provinces.[2]
Sistan and Baluchestan Zahedan2,775,014 2534327 1.81% 610000 21.98% 18072615.358 65.7 69.2Until 1986, the province was known as Baluchestan and Sistan.[2]
Tehran Tehran13,267,637 12183391 1.82% 9135000 68.85% 18814705.2013 74.3 77.8Until 1986, Tehran was part of Markazi province.
YazdYazd1,138,533 1074428 1.88% 529673 46.52% 7646914.8910 73.2 76.7Originally part of Isfahan province.[8] In 1986, part of Kerman province was transferred to Yazd province. In 2002, Tabas shahrestan (area: 55,344 km2) was transferred from Khorasan province to Yazd.[2]
ZanjanZanjan1,057,461 1015734 1.22% 430871 40.75% 2177348.577 73.2 75.8Originally part of Gilan province. In 1986, some parts of Markazi province were transferred to Isfahan, Semnan, and Zanjan provinces.[2]
Iran (Total)Tehran79,926,270 75129615 1.55% 31654423 40% 1,628,554 km2 (628,788 sq mi)342 72.5 75.9

See also


References and notes


  1. IRNA, Online Edition. "Paris for further cultural cooperation with Iran". Archived from the original on 23 October 2007. Retrieved 21 October 2007.
  2. Gwillim Law, Statoids website. "Provinces of Iran". Archived from the original on 22 October 2016. Retrieved 30 April 2006.
  3. Online edition, Al-Jazeera Satellite Network. "Iran breaks up largest province". Archived from the original on 20 May 2006. Retrieved 30 April 2006.
  4. "National census 2016". amar.org.ir. Archived from the original on 14 March 2017. Retrieved 14 March 2017.[]
  5. 2015-2016 data, Statistical Centre of Iran, Source
  6. Chamber Society, Iranian. "Ardabil Province". Archived from the original on 12 June 2008. Retrieved 23 July 2008.
  7. "Urmia". Archived from the original on 8 September 2008. Retrieved 23 July 2008.
  8. Chaharmahal and Bakhtiari Province, Ostandarie. "Chahar Mahaal and Bakhtiari Province". Retrieved 23 July 2008.[permanent dead link]