Regions of Uzbekistan
Uzbekistan is divided into 12 regions (viloyatlar, singular – viloyat, viloyati in compound, e.g. Toshkent viloyati), 1 autonomous republic (respublika, respublikasi in compound, e.g. Qaraqalpaqstan Avtonom Respublikasi), and 1 independent city (shahar or shahri in compounds, e.g. Toshkent shahri). Names are given below in the Uzbek language, although numerous variations of the transliterations of each name exist. The regions in turn are divided into 160 districts (tumanlar, singular tuman).
|Division||Capital city||Area (km2)||Population (2015)||Population approximately equal||Key|
|Jizzakh Region||Jizzakh||21,179||1,301,000||East Timor||5|
|Independent City, Autonomous Republic,|
and Regions of Uzbekistan
|Location||Republic of Uzbekistan|
1 Autonomous Republic
1 Independent City
|Populations||(Regions only): 777,100 (Sirdaryo) – 3,514,800 (Samarqand)|
|Areas||(Regions only): 4,200 km2 (1,621 sq mi) (Andijan) – 110,800 km2 (42,780 sq mi) (Navoiy)|
Enclaves and exclaves
There are four Uzbek exclaves, all of them surrounded by Kyrgyz territory in the Fergana Valley region where Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan and Uzbekistan meet. Two of them are the towns of Sokh, area of 325 km2 (125 sq mi) with a population of 42,800 in 1993 (with some estimates as high as 70,000, of which 99% are Tajiks and the remainder Uzbeks) and Shohimardon, area of 90 km2 (35 sq mi) with a population of 5,100 in 1993 (91% are Uzbeks and the remainder Kyrgyz). The other two are the tiny territories of Chon-Kara (or Qalacha), roughly 3 km (1.9 mi) long and 1 km (0.62 mi) wide, and Jani-Ayil (or Dzhangail), a dot of land barely 3 km (1.9 mi) across. Chon-Kara is on the Sokh river, between the Uzbek border and the Sokh exclave.
The Kyrgyz village of Barak (population 627) lies 15 km north of Osh. In August 1999, the area around Barak was occupied by Uzbekistan, cutting it off from Kyrgyz territory. Uzbek forces dug up and blockaded the road to Ak-Tash while also allegedly seizing large areas of Kyrgyz land that had been loaned in the Soviet era but never returned. They entrenched themselves within much of Kyrgyz border territory and refused to leave. Barak became a de facto enclave only 1.5 km from the shifted main border. (Map) In August 2018 Kyrgyz and Uzbek authorities agreed to a land swap that would eliminate the exclave. The exchange process may take up to two years.
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