Puebla (Spanish pronunciation: [ˈpweβla] (listen) English: Colony, settlement), officially Free and Sovereign State of Puebla (Spanish: Estado Libre y Soberano de Puebla), is one of the 32 states which comprise the Federal Entities of Mexico. It is divided into 217 municipalities and its capital is the city of Puebla.

Free and Sovereign State of Puebla
Estado Libre y Soberano de Puebla (Spanish)
Tlahtohcayotl Puebla (Nahuatl)
Unidos En El Tiempo, En El Esfuerzo, En La Justicia y En La Esperanza
(United in time, effort, justice and hope)
Anthem: Himno al Estado de Puebla
State of Puebla within Mexico
Coordinates: 19°0′N 97°53′W
CapitalPuebla de Zaragoza
Largest CityPuebla de Zaragoza
AdmissionDecember 21, 1823[1]
  GovernorMiguel Barbosa Huerta
  Senators[2]Alejandro Armenta Mier
Nancy de la Sierra Aramburo
Nadia Navarro Acevedo [3]
  Total34,306 km2 (13,246 sq mi)
 Ranked 21st
Highest elevation5,610 m (18,410 ft)
  Density190/km2 (500/sq mi)
  Density rank6th
Demonym(s)Poblano (a)
Time zoneUTC−6 (CST)
  Summer (DST)UTC−5 (CDT)
Postal code
Area code
ISO 3166 codeMX-PUE
HDI 0.742 High Ranked 29th of 32
GDPUS$ 23,525.31 mil[a]
^ a. The state's GDP was 301,123,976 thousand pesos in 2008,[8] an amount equal to 23,525,310.625 thousand dollars, a dollar being worth 12.80 pesos (value of June 3, 2010).[9]

It is located in East-Central Mexico. It is bordered by the states of Veracruz to the north and east, Hidalgo, México, Tlaxcala and Morelos to the west, and Guerrero and Oaxaca to the south. The origins of the state lie in the city of Puebla, which was founded by the Spanish in this valley in 1531 to secure the trade route between Mexico City and the port of Veracruz. By the end of the 18th century, the area had become a colonial province with its own governor, which would become the State of Puebla, after the Mexican War of Independence in the early 19th century. Since that time the area, especially around the capital city, has continued to grow economically, mostly through industry, despite being the scene of a number of battles, the most notable of which being the Battle of Puebla. Today, the state is one of the most industrialized in the country, but since most of its development is concentrated in Puebla and other cities, many of its rural areas are very poor, forcing many to migrate away to places such as Mexico City and the United States.

Culturally, the state is home to the china poblana, mole poblano, active literary and arts scenes, and festivals such as Cinco de Mayo, Ritual of Quetzalcoatl, Day of the Dead celebrations (especially in Huaquechula) and Carnival (especially in Huejotzingo). It is home to five major indigenous groups: Nahuas, the Totonacs, the Mixtecs, the Popolocas and the Otomi, which can mostly be found in the far north and the far south of the state.