Punjabi language

Punjabi (/pʌnˈɑːbi/;[8] Shahmukhi: پن٘جابی, Gurmukhi: ਪੰਜਾਬੀ, Punjabi pronunciation: [pənˈdʒaːbːi]), sometimes spelled Panjabi, is an Indo-Aryan language that is natively spoken by the Punjabi people in the Punjab region of Pakistan and India. It is the most spoken language in Pakistan and the 11th most spoken language in India.

Punjabi
  • ਪੰਜਾਬੀ
  • پن٘جابی
'Punjabi' written in Shahmukhi script used in Punjab, Pakistan (top) and Gurmukhi script used in Punjab, India (bottom)
Pronunciation
Native toIndia and Pakistan
RegionPunjab
EthnicityPunjabis
Native speakers
113 million (2011–2017)[1]
Dialects
Official status
Official language in
 India
Regulated byDepartment of Languages, Punjab, India[7]
Punjab Institute of Language, Art, and Culture, Pakistan
Language codes
ISO 639-1pa
ISO 639-2pan
ISO 639-3Either:
pan  Panjabi
pnb  Western Panjabi
Glottologpanj1256  Eastern Panjabi
west2386  Western Panjabi
Linguasphere59-AAF-e
Punjabi speaking areas
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Punjabi is spoken by 80.5 million people in Pakistan (as of 2017). It is the most spoken language in Pakistan.

Punjabi is spoken by 31.1 million people (as of 2011) and has official status in the Indian state of Punjab. It is the 11th most spoken language in India.

The language is spoken among a significant overseas diaspora, particularly in Canada, the United States, and the United Kingdom.

Punjabi language has approximately 113 million native speakers.

In Pakistan, Punjabi is written using the Shahmukhi alphabet, based on the Perso-Arabic script; in India, it is written using the Gurmukhi alphabet, based on the Indic scripts. Punjabi is unusual among the Indo-Aryan languages and the broader Indo-European language family in its usage of lexical tone.


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This article uses material from the Wikipedia article Punjabi language, and is written by contributors. Text is available under a CC BY-SA 4.0 International License; additional terms may apply. Images, videos and audio are available under their respective licenses.