Pyotr Stolypin

Pyotr Arkadyevich Stolypin (Russian: Пётр Арка́дьевич Столы́пин, tr. Pyotr Arkád'yevich Stolýpin, IPA: [pʲɵtr ɐrˈkadʲjɪvʲɪtɕ stɐˈlɨpʲɪn]; 14 April [O.S. 2 April] 186218 September [O.S. 5 September] 1911) was a Russian politician and statesman. He was the third Prime Minister of Russia, and Minister of Internal Affairs of the Russian Empire from 1906 to his assassination in 1911.

Pyotr Stolypin
Пётр Столыпин
3rd Prime Minister of Russia
In office
21 July 1906  18 September 1911
MonarchNicholas II
Preceded byIvan Goremykin
Succeeded byVladimir Kokovtsov
Minister of Interior
In office
26 April 1906  18 September 1911
Prime MinisterIvan Goremykin
Himself
Preceded byPyotr Durnovo
Succeeded byAlexander Makarov
Personal details
Born
Pyotr Arkadyevich Stolypin

(1862-04-14)14 April 1862
Dresden, Kingdom of Saxony, German Confederation
Died18 September 1911(1911-09-18) (aged 49)
Kiev, Kiev Governorate, Russian Empire
Cause of deathHomicide
Resting placeKyiv Pechersk Lavra, Ukraine
NationalityRussian
Spouse(s)Olga Borisovna Neidhardt

Born in Dresden, Germany, to a prominent Russian aristocratic family, Stolypin became involved in government from his early 20s. His successes in public service led to rapid promotions, culminating in his appointment as Interior Minister under Ivan Goremykin in April 1906. In July, Stolypin succeeded as Prime Minister following Goremykin's resignation.

As Prime Minister, Stolypin initiated major agrarian reforms, known as the Stolypin reform, that granted the right of private land ownership to the peasantry. His tenure was also marked by increased revolutionary unrest, to which he responded with a new system of martial law that allowed for the arrest, speedy trial and execution of accused offenders. Subject to numerous assassination attempts, Stolypin was fatally shot in September 1911 by revolutionary Dmitry Bogrov in Kiev.

Stolypin was a monarchist and hoped to strengthen the throne by modernizing the rural Russian economy. Modernity and efficiency, rather than democracy, were his goals. He argued that the land question could only be resolved, and revolution averted, when the peasants communal system was abolished and a stable landowning class of peasants created, the kulaks, who would have a stake in the status quo. His successes and failures have been subject of heated controversies among scholars, who agree he was one of the last major statesmen of Imperial Russia with clearly defined public policies and with the determination to undertake major reforms.[1]


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