Qarabağ Futbol Klubu, commonly known as Qarabağ (pronounced [ɡɑ'ɾɑbɑɣ]) is an Azerbaijani professional football club, based in Baku, that competes in the Azerbaijan Premier League, the top flight of Azerbaijani football. The club originates from Agdam, a now-ruined ghost town, but has not played in its hometown since 1993 due to the First Nagorno-Karabakh War. The club is now based in the capital city of Baku.
|Full name||Qarabağ Futbol Klubu|
|Nickname(s)||Atlılar (The Horsemen)|
|Founded||1951, as Məhsul |
1987 , as Qarabağ
|Ground||Tofig Bahramov Stadium|
|League||Azerbaijan Premier League|
Formed in 1987, Qarabağ were founding members of the Azerbaijan Premier League in 1992. One season later, they won their first league championship, becoming the first non-Baku-based club to win the Premier League title. Qarabağ is one of the two teams in Azerbaijan, along with Neftçi PFK which has participated in all Premier League championships so far.
In 2014, the club won the Premier League, their first league title in 21 years. Qarabağ have won the Premier League eight times and Azerbaijan Cup six times. Qarabağ became the second Azerbaijani team after Neftçi PFK to advance to the group stage of a European competition, making its first of three consecutive seasons in the UEFA Europa League group stages in 2014–15. Qarabağ is the first Azerbaijani team to advance to the group stage of the higher UEFA Champions League, competing in the 2017–18 season.
Early years (1951–1991)
The club was founded in 1951 as Mehsul after the Aghdam city stadium was built; there then began a serious effort towards the creation of a professional football team. Consequently, Qarabağ FK, playing under the name of Mehsul, took part in the 1966 Azerbaijani championship. That year, the club reached fourth place in the local championship.
Qarabağ participated in the local championship for four consecutive years during which second place was their best result (achieved in 1968). After 1968, however, owing to carelessness and a lack of financial support, the team withdrew from the championships for almost ten years. In 1977, the team was reborn under name Shafaq. In 1982 Shafaq was the only representative of Aghdam in football. Between 1982 and 1987, the squad used the name "Cooperative society". In 1988, Qarabağ won the champions title in the Azerbaijan SSR local championship under its current name.
Effects of war and financial struggles (1991–2008)
On 23 July 1993, during the First Nagorno-Karabakh War, the city of Agdam was invaded by Armenian armed forces and the team was forced to move from Imarat Stadium to Baku, while the head coach of the team, Allahverdi Bagirov, died in the war. Financial problems plagued the club during the period from 1998 to 2001, and the club went through hard times although it became the first Azerbaijani team to win away from home in a European competition by defeating the Israeli side Maccabi Haifa in the 1999 UEFA Intertoto Cup thanks to a double strike from club legend Mushfig Huseynov. Qarabağ has also represented Azerbaijan in the UEFA Cup Winners' Cup and UEFA Cup many times.
These problems were alleviated in 2001, when one of the largest holding companies of Azerbaijan, Azersun Holding, starting sponsoring the team. The squad used the name of Qarabag-Azersun for two seasons, but then returned its original name in 2004.
Gurban Gurbanov era (2008–present)
In 2008, former Azerbaijani football star Gurban Gurbanov was appointed as head coach after the unexpected departure of Rasim Kara to Khazar Lankaran one week before the start of the 2008–09 season. Led by Gurban Gurbanov, Qarabağ have ignored a common strategy in Azerbaijani football: eschewing foreign signings in favour of nurturing local talent. Gurbanov brought with him a tiki-taka style of play, characterised by short passes, long periods of build-up and players interchanging positions.
Under Gurbanov, Qarabağ has become one of the most successful Azerbaijani football clubs in Europe (with three consecutive wins) and one which reached the UEFA Europa League play-off-round by beating Rosenborg in the UEFA Europa League, and also eliminated Honka of Finland. The achievements in European competitions marked Gurban Gurbanov as among the most successful Azerbaijani managers ever.
In 2010, the club set an Azerbaijani record for the most significant win in a European competition by beating Metalurg Skopje 4–1 in Baku and eliminating Wisła Kraków to reach the play-offs for the second year in succession. In 2011, the club duplicated the same record by beating Banga Gargždai 4–0 in Gargždai. The 2011–12 season ended in disappointing style for Qarabağ, however, as they finished in fourth place, leaving the club without European competition. In 2013, Qarabağ reached Europa League play-off-round for third time in their history.
In May 2014, Qarabağ earned its second league title after 21 years. A month later, by beating Red Bull Salzburg, the club became first Azerbaijani side to win in the third round of UEFA Champions League. In August 2014, the club reached Europa League play-off round for the fourth time in last five seasons. In 2014, Qarabağ qualified for the 2014–15 Europa League group stage, becoming the second Azerbaijani team to advance to this stage in a European competition. On 23 October 2014, after defeating Ukrainian club Dnipro Dnipropetrovsk 1–0, the team became the first Azerbaijani club to win a Europa League group stage match.
In 2017, after victory over the Sheriff Tiraspol, Qarabağ qualified for the UEFA Champions League play-off rounds for the first time. In the first leg they recorded a 1–0 victory over Danish side F.C. Copenhagen in Baku. Despite losing 2–1 in the second leg, Qarabağ won on away goals and became the first Azerbaijani team to reach the group stages of the UEFA Champions League.
Crest and colours
The crest on the club emblem is the symbol of the Karabakh. It is produced by English designers and based on the Karabakh horse. The horse stems from the club's nickname "The Horsemen"; although it was included on club programmes and scarves earlier, the crest was not displayed on the shirt until 2004. After Gurban Gurbanov's appointment, Qarabağ's attractive style of play led fans to call the team "Qafqazın Barselonası" ("Barcelona of The Caucasus"), which plays upon Barcelona's success in Europe. The club is sometimes called "Qaçqın Klub" ("The Refugee Club") after its conservative position on Nagorno-Karabakh conflict and refugee problem in Azerbaijan.
Shirt sponsors and kit manufacturers
Qarabağ's traditional kit alludes to the club's location in Nagorno-Karabakh with the black and white representing light and darkness respectively. The club's kits are manufactured by Adidas and sponsored by Azersun, a Baku-based food producing company.
|2012 – present||Adidas|
The club have previously used Guzanli Olympic Stadium, which is situated in Quzanlı, the most populous municipality in the Agdam Rayon of Nagorno-Karabakh, Azerbaijan. The Imarat Stadium which was club's original home stadium was destroyed as a result of artillery attacks from Armenian military forces during the First Nagorno-Karabakh War.
In 2012, the construction of a new football stadium Azersun Arena was announced, which was opened in June 2015. Azersun Arena is a multi-use football stadium in Surakhani settlement of Baku, Azerbaijan. It is currently used as the club's Azerbaijan Premier League home stadium and holds 5,800 people.
The Baku Olympic Stadium and Tofiq Bahramov Republican Stadium is used for UEFA Champions League and UEFA Europe League games, where the record attendance for Qarabağ occurred on 27 September 2017, in a UEFA Champions League group stage match attended by 67,200 fans against Roma.
Although a large part of Qarabağ's support is drawn from the local Aghdam population, they remain immensely well supported in the rest of Azerbaijan. This is mainly due to their being the only team to represent the war-torn Nagorno-Karabakh region in the league. The club is a sole remnant of the past and a living symbol of hope and pride for over half a million Azerbaijani internally displaced people. In recent years, thanks to achievements on the pitch, the club has been able to inspire and initiate special youth projects enforcing stability and development in the IDP-settlements near the border of Nagorno-Karabakh.
The club have few supporting groups such as Imarat, Qarabağ Ordusu, Boys Qarabağ, and Ladies of Qarabağ. These groups often receive free tickets to Qarabağ's games, which helps Karabakh to have more support from fans.
|Season||Div.||Pos.||Pl.||W||D||L||GS||GA||P||Cup||Europe||Top Scorer (League goals)||Head Coach|
|2011–12||Premier League||4||32||15||8||9||37||28||53||SF||EL||III R||Georgi Adamia (7)||Gurban Gurbanov|
|2012–13||2||32||16||11||5||43||26||59||SF||—||Richard Almeida (13)|
| Reynaldo (10)|
Leroy George (10)
|Dani Quintana (15)|
|Dino Ndlovu (10)|
|2017–18||1||28||20||5||3||37||13||65||QF||CL||GS||Mahir Emreli (8)|
|Mahir Emreli (16)|
|Mahir Emreli (7)|
|Mahir Emreli (18)|
The club have participated in 14 editions of the club competitions governed by UEFA, the chief authority for football across Europe. These include 4 seasons in the Champions League, 9 seasons in the UEFA Cup and Europa League, two seasons in the Cup Winners' Cup and one season in the Intertoto Cup. Qarabağ has played three times in the Europa League after qualifying via the Champions League. Counting all of the 86 games the side have played in UEFA competitions since their first entry into the Cup Winners' Cup in the 1996–97 season, the team's record stands at 32 wins, 22 draws and 32 defeats.
The club plays its home matches at Tofiq Bahramov Republican Stadium and Baku Olympic Stadium in Baku. Qarabağ biggest wins is 5–0 against Samtredia in the 2017–18 UEFA Champions League qualification, while the biggest defeats is 0–6 against Copenhagen in the 1998–99 UEFA Cup Winners' Cup, Montpellier in the 1999 UEFA Intertoto Cup and Chelsea in the 2017–18 UEFA Champions League. With 81 caps, Maksim Medvedev has appeared in the most UEFA matches for Qarabağ, while Reynaldo has scored the most goals with 11. Qarabağ has played Metalurg Skopje, Twente, Copenhagen and Sheriff Tiraspol four times, more than any other team.
In 2017, after beating Copenhagen 2–2 (a) in the Play-off round of the UEFA Champions League, Qarabağ became the first Azerbaijani club to reach the Group stage. They were drawn in Group C alongside Chelsea, Atlético Madrid and Roma, where they managed to obtain two points in six games after two draws and four losses.
- As of match played 19 December 2020
|UEFA Champions League||39||16||14||9||43||30||+13||41.03|
|UEFA Cup / UEFA Europa League||81||27||18||36||85||111||−26||33.33|
|UEFA Cup Winners' Cup||4||0||1||3||1||12||−11||0.00|
|UEFA Intertoto Cup||4||1||0||3||2||11||−9||25.00|
UEFA club rankings
The squad list includes only the principal nationality of each player; several non-European players on the squad have dual citizenship with an EU country.
Note: Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality.
Out on loan
Note: Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality.
- As of 3 October 2020
Lists of the players with the most caps and top goalscorers for the club in the Azerbijani league (players in bold signifies current Qarabağ player). Mushfig Huseynov is the club's all-time most capped player and top scorer with 125 goals in 320 games.
|1||Mushfig Huseynov||1989–99; 2003–04; 2005–07||320||125|
|3||Richard Almeida||2012–18, 2019–2020||191||44|
|7||Tarlan Ahmadov||1993–97; 2004||102||28|
|8||Vugar Nadirov||2001–05; 2009–15; 2016–17||211||28|
|9||Vagif Javadov||2007–10; 2012–13||110||25|
|2||Mushfig Huseynov||1989–99; 2003–04; 2005–07||320||125|
|4||Namiq Yusifov||2006–07; 2008–16||214||1|
|5||Vugar Nadirov||2001–05; 2009–15; 2016–17||211||28|
|6||Rashad Sadygov||2009–10; 2011–2020||211||8|
|7||Richard Almeida||2012–18, 2019–2020||191||44|
|9||Aslan Kerimov||1993–97; 2003–11||168||12|
Information correct as of match played 17 December 2018. Only competitive matches are counted.
|Allahverdi Bagirov||Soviet Union||1976||19??||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A|
|Adil Nadirov||Soviet Union||1987||19??||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A|
|Aghasalim Mirjavadov||Azerbaijan||1992||1996||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||Azerbaijan Premier League
|Elkhan Abdullayev||Azerbaijan||2005||2006||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||Azerbaijan Cup|
|Rasim Kara||Turkey||Dec 2006||Jun 2008||38||14||12||12||35||32||36.84|
|Gurban Gurbanov||Azerbaijan||Jul 2008||Present||406||226||106||74||588||301||55.67||Azerbaijan Premier League (7), Azerbaijan Cup (4)|
P – Total of played matches
W – Won matches
D – Drawn matches
L – Lost matches
GS – Goal scored
GA – Goals against
%W – Percentage of matches won
Nationality is indicated by the corresponding FIFA country code(s).
Qarabağ has won eight Azerbaijan Premier League titles, six Azerbaijan Cup titles and one Azerbaijan Supercup trophy. The club is the first non-Baku based club to have won the Azerbaijan Premier League title. Qarabağ is one of the two teams in Azerbaijan, along with Neftchi Baku which has participated in all Azerbaijan Premier League championships so far.
- Azerbaijan League
- Azerbaijan Cup
- Azerbaijan Supercup
- Winners: (1) 1994
In popular culture
Ban for hate speech
In October 2020, amid the Nagorno-Karabakh war, Qarabağ was called on for sanctions by Armenian Football Federation after the club's PR and media manager Nurlan Ibrahimov made a hate speech on social network calling to "kill all the Armenians, old and young, without distinction". UEFA announced about temporary banning the club's official from any football-related activity for "racist and other discriminatory conduct” targeting Armenians. Qarabag issued a statement saying Ibrahimov had "suffered psychological trauma" watching the news of Ganja and Barda missile attacks, while also urging its employees to "refrain from such sharing in this sensitive period, adhere to the principles of humanism and fully comply with the laws of our state". Ibrahimov was punished in an administrative manner for the calls he made expressing cruelty against another nation and inciting national, racial or religious hatred while behaving emotionally on social network. On November 26, UEFA officially life banned the Qarabag official and fined the club €100,000. Shortly after the UEFA sanction, Ibrahimov was declared wanted in Armenia.
- Atayev, Oktay. "Who are Qarabağ FK?". uefa.com. UEFA. Retrieved 7 May 2014.
- Ibrahimov, Erkin (27 July 2011). "Qarabağ back and hoping for more". UEFA. Retrieved 27 July 2011.
- Atayev, Oktay (7 May 2014). "Qarabağ end 21-year wait for Azerbaijani title". uefa.com. UEFA. Retrieved 7 May 2014.
- "UEFA.com – Qarabağ FK". uefa.com.
- "Neftçi PFK". www.uefa.com. UEFA.
- "Liverpool and Sporting make it as Qarabağ create history". UEFA.com. 23 August 2017. Retrieved 24 August 2017.
- Official Qarabagh website: Club's Creation Archived 23 October 2007 at the Wayback Machine(in Azerbaijani)
- "Карабах Агдам". wildstat.ru.
- "Ağdam futbolu: "Məhsul"dan "Qarabağ"a kimi – I HİSSƏ". Rekord.az (in Azerbaijani). Archived from the original on 19 December 2017.
- "'Qarabağ' FK haqqında yazı – II yer". Qarabagh.com (in Azerbaijani). Archived from the original on 6 July 2011. Retrieved 14 July 2018.
- "Резолюция 853 (1993) Совета Безопасности ООН". 29 July 1993. Archived from the original on 22 February 2002. Retrieved 24 April 2015.
- Gault, Matt (6 August 2014). "Qarabag are exiled from their home but could shock the Champions League". The Guardian. The Guardian. Retrieved 6 August 2014.
- Müşfiqin "Qarabağ"dan böyük sevgisi yoxdur Archived 11 July 2011 at the Wayback Machine (in Azerbaijani)
- "QARABAĞ"A SADİQ YAŞAR HÜSEYNOV Archived 2 October 2011 at the Wayback Machine (in Azerbaijani)
- "QARABAĞ" AĞDAMIN – "QARABAĞ" AĞDAMA NƏ QƏDƏR DƏXLİ VAR?! (in Azerbaijani)
- Atayev, Oqtay (31 July 2014). "Who are Qarabağ FK?". www.uefa.com. UEFA. Retrieved 31 July 2014.
- В Баку в футбольном матче Лиги Европы «Карабах» обыграл «Русенборг» (in Russian)
- "Qarabağ" "Rusenborq"u diz çökdürdü Archived 1 November 2009 at the Wayback Machine (in Azerbaijani)
- Suleymanov, Mehman. "Qurban Qurbanov 1-ci, komandası 2-ci" (in Azerbaijani). APASPORT News Agency. Archived from the original on 6 July 2011. Retrieved 6 August 2010.
- Карабах громит Металлург! (in Russian)
- "Villa and Rapid to meet again". uefa.com. 6 August 2010. Retrieved 6 August 2010.
- Aliyev, Elmir. ""Карабах" победил "Вислу" в Лиге Европы". 1news.az. Retrieved 5 August 2010.
- Kheyrullaev, Vugar. "Azərbaycan futbolunda görünməmiş hadisə Litvada gerçəkləşdi". Archived from the original on 4 July 2011. Retrieved 30 June 2011.
- "Не попадание Карабаха в еврокубки является трагедией". Azerisport.com. Retrieved 11 May 2012.
- "Mörk svensk kväll i Europa League". svd.se (in Swedish). Retrieved 8 August 2013.
- "Karabağ, play-off turuna yükseldi". spor.haber7.com (in Turkish). Retrieved 8 August 2013.
- ""Karabakh" FC becomes Azerbaijani Champion after 21 years". en.apa.az. Archived from the original on 8 May 2014. Retrieved 7 May 2014.
- Три красных и победа "Карабаха". ru.uefa.com (in Russian). UEFA. Archived from the original on 3 August 2014. Retrieved 31 July 2014.
- "Red Bull Salzburg verliert Hinspiel gegen Karabach". www.salzburg.com (in German). Salzburger Nachrichten. Retrieved 31 July 2014.
- Еще один шанс, еще одна жеребьевка. www.azerisport.com (in Russian). Azerisport.com. Retrieved 7 August 2014.
- Карабах стал вторым азербайджанским клубом, прошедшим в групповой этап Лиги Европы. www.azerisport.com (in Russian). Retrieved 28 August 2014.
- Dnipro Dnipropetrovsk – Qarabağ FK : 0–1 (Match report) ScoresPro.com
- "Карабах установил историческое достижение для азербайджанских клубов". www.azerisport.com. Azerisport.com. Retrieved 23 October 2014.
- "Qarabağ make history as Muarem stuns Dnipro". www.uefa.com. UEFA. Retrieved 23 October 2014.
- "Liverpool beats Hoffenheim 2–1, closes on Champions League". Washington Post. Retrieved 16 August 2017.
- "København 2-1 Qarabağ". UEFA.com. Retrieved 23 August 2017.
- Karabakh: История Archived 4 January 2010 at the Wayback Machine (in Russian)
- Azimo, Rustam. ""Карабахские скакуны" покоряют Европу, или Пара слов о матче "Карабах" – "Висла"". 1news.az. Retrieved 24 August 2010.
- "Qafqazın "Barselona"sı: axı niyə məhz o?". news.milli.az (in Azerbaijani). Day.az. 26 April 2014. Retrieved 31 July 2014.
- "UEFA "Qarabağ"dan yazdı". futbolinfo.az (in Azerbaijani). Archived from the original on 8 August 2014. Retrieved 31 July 2014.
- "In the Sports: Qarabağ FK, Azerbaijani Refugee Soccer Team Makes History". The Jerusalem Post | JPost.com. Retrieved 3 September 2017.
- Vaxt olmayan yer Archived 6 July 2011 at the Wayback Machine (in Azerbaijani)
- Ermənilərin xarabaya çevirdiyi Ağdamın «İmarət» stadionu Archived 22 March 2016 at the Wayback Machine (in Azerbaijani)
- "Caqa" ikinci dəfə lotereyada uddu Archived 6 July 2011 at the Wayback Machine (in Azerbaijani)
- ""Tofiq Bəhramov" futbolsuz qalacaq". fanat.az (in Azerbaijani). Retrieved 26 August 2013.
- ""Qarabağ" Avropa Liqasındakı ev oyunlarını Bakı Olimpiya Stadionunda keçirəcək". Report.az. 8 September 2018.
- "Qarabağ–Roma". Soccerway. 27 September 2017. Retrieved 29 September 2017.
- Rza, Kamal. "Üç günə dəyişən Azərbaycan futbolu" (in Azerbaijani). 90plus.info. Archived from the original on 21 July 2011. Retrieved 24 August 2010.
- OFF SIDE by Dirk-Jan Visser
- Нефтяной фонд Азербайджана выделит около 100 млн. долларов на обустройство беженцев (in Russian)
- "Azarkeşlər bu dəfə də "Qarabağ"ı tək qoymadılar". Sportal.az (in Azerbaijani). Retrieved 21 August 2013.
- "Qarabağ" fanklubunun rəhbəri: "İmarət"in səsini bütün Avropa eşidəcək" (in Azerbaijani)
- "Qarabağ FK". Union of European Football Associations. Retrieved 21 July 2016.
- ""Карабах" приостановил борьбу в Лиге Чемпионов". Report.az. 6 December 2017. Retrieved 15 December 2017.
- Kassies, Bert. "UEFA rankings for club competitions". uefa.com. Retrieved 7 November 2017.
- "Team". qarabagh.com. Retrieved 25 December 2018.
- "Milli Qəhrəman Allahverdi Bağırovun doğum günündür". Sportline.az. Retrieved 22 April 2016.
- "Horses of the Lost Black Garden". inbedwithmaradona.com. Retrieved 9 January 2014.
- "Adil Nadirov: "Bu gün Ağdamın təkcə "Qarabağ"ı qalıb"". www.stadium.az. stadium.az. Retrieved 29 January 2019.
- Или «Карабах», или Мирджавадов!. apasport.az (in Russian). Retrieved 9 January 2014.[permanent dead link]
- "Rasim Kara, Karabağ takımı ile anlaştı". zaman.com.tr (in Turkish). Archived from the original on 9 January 2014. Retrieved 9 January 2014.
- "Qurban Qurbanov bunu bilirmi?". apasport.az (in Azerbaijani). Archived from the original on 4 November 2014. Retrieved 2 November 2014.
- ИСТОРИЯ И ДОСТИЖЕНИЯ. footballtop.ru (in Russian). Retrieved 24 January 2014.
- "Azərbaycan futbolunda ilk: "Qarabağ" PES 2015-də (FOTO)". trend.az (in Azerbaijani). 14 November 2014. Retrieved 14 November 2014.
- "Armenian Football Federation Complains About Qarabag 'Hate' Post". Barron's. 31 October 2020. Retrieved 1 November 2020.
- "UEFA ban Qarabag official for Armenia comments". Arab News. 4 November 2020. Retrieved 5 November 2020.
- "Qarabag issues a statement regarding Nurlan Ibrahimov". offsideplus.az. 2 November 2020. Retrieved 28 November 2020.
- "Person making harmful calls on social networks was punished in administrative manner". Azeri Press Agency. 1 November 2020. Archived from the original on 1 November 2020. Retrieved 1 November 2020.
- "UEFA gives soccer official life ban for racist behavior". Washington Post. 26 November 2020. Retrieved 26 November 2020.
- "Armenia declares Qarabag FK press officer Nurlan Ibrahimov wanted". Public Radio of Armenia. 27 November 2020. Retrieved 28 November 2020.