|ريال قطري (Arabic)|
|Symbol||QR or ر.ق|
|Banknotes||1, 5, 10, 50, 100, 200, 500 riyals|
|Coins||1, 5, 10, 25, 50 dirhams|
|Central bank||Qatar Central Bank|
|Source||The World Factbook, 2011 est.|
|Pegged with||U.S. dollar (USD) |
$1 USD = 3.65 QR
Until 1966, Qatar used the Indian rupee as its currency, in the form of Gulf rupees. When India devalued the rupee in 1966, Qatar, along with the other states using the Gulf rupee, chose to introduce its own currency.
Before doing so, Qatar briefly adopted the Saudi riyal, then introduced the Qatar and Dubai riyal following the signing of the Qatar-Dubai Currency Agreement on 21 March 1966. The Saudi riyal was worth 1.065 Gulf rupees, whilst the Qatar and Dubai riyal was equal to the Gulf rupee prior to its devaluation.
Following Dubai's entry into the United Arab Emirates, Qatar began issuing the Qatari riyal separate from Dubai on 19 May 1973. The old notes continued to circulate in parallel for 90 days, at which time they were withdrawn.
For a wider history surrounding currency in the region, see the history of British currency in the Middle East.
In 1966, coins were introduced in the name of Qatar and Dubai for 1, 5, 10, 25 and 50 dirhams. In 1973, a new series of coins was introduced in the same sizes and compositions as the earlier pieces but in the name of Qatar only.
|Hamad coins (Qatar)|
|1 dirham||15 mm||1.4 g||Copper-clad Steel||Smooth||Dates on top. Emblem of Qatar consisting of two crossed bent swords, and between them a sailing ship (dhow) sailing on waves beside an island with two palm trees||Value||2000|
|5 dirhams||22 mm||2.83 g||Copper-clad Steel||Smooth||Dates on top. Emblem of Qatar consisting of two crossed bent swords, and between them a sailing ship (dhow) sailing on waves beside an island with two palm trees||Value||2000|
|10 dirhams||27 mm||7.52 g||Copper-clad Steel||Smooth||Dates on top. Emblem of Qatar consisting of two crossed bent swords, and between them a sailing ship (dhow) sailing on waves beside an island with two palm trees||Value||2000|
|25 dirhams||20 mm||3.2 g||Nickel-clad Steel||Reeded||Value||2000|
|50 dirhams||25 mm||5.8 g||Nickel-clad Steel||Reeded||Value||2000|
|Tamim coins (Qatar)|
|1 dirham||15 mm||1.4 g||Copper-clad Steel||Smooth||Value||2016|
|5 dirhams||22 mm||2.83 g||Copper-clad Steel||Smooth||Value||2016|
|10 dirhams||27 mm||7.52 g||Copper-clad Steel||Smooth||Value||2016|
|25 dirhams||20 mm||3.2 g||Nickel-clad Steel||Reeded||Value||2016|
|50 dirhams||25 mm||5.8 g||Nickel-clad Steel||Reeded||Value||2016|
On September 18, 1966, the Qatar & Dubai Currency Board introduced notes for 1, 5, 10, 25, 50 and 100 riyals. These were replaced on 19 May 1973 by notes of the Qatar Monetary Agency in denominations of 1, 5, 10, 100, and 500 riyals; a 50-riyal note was issued in 1976. The Qatar Central Bank was established by decree 15 on 5 August 1973. All coins and notes issued by the Qatar Monetary Agency became the property of the bank but continued to circulate for several years. On December 13, 2020, the Qatar Central Bank issued its fifth series of banknotes for circulation. Included in this series is the 200 riyals banknote. The front side of the notes share a common design based on traditional geometric patterns, the Flag of Qatar, Qatari flora and a gate representing historic Qatari architecture.
|1 riyal||Gray & Blue||Coat of arms of Qatar||Native birds|
|5 riyals||Green||National Museum of Qatar, Camel, oryxes|
|10 riyals||Orange||Dhow, Sand Dunes|
|50 riyals||Pink||The Pearl Oyster Monument and a view of the Qatar Central Bank building|
|100 riyals||Green & Gold||Old Mosque and Al-Shaqab Institute|
|500 riyals||Blue||Falcon, with a view of the Amiri Diwan of Qatar which serves as the government building for the State of Qatar|
|1 riyal||Green and light yellow||Flag of Qatar; Dreama flower; gate representing historical Qatari architecture||Traditional Dhow (Bateel) and the Oyster and Pearl Monument|
|5 riyals||Brown and yellow||Traditional desert scene comprising fauna (Arab horses, Camel, Oryxes), flora (Al Qataf) and ‘hair tent (buryuut hajar)|
|10 riyals||Blue||Lusail Stadium, Torch Tower (Aspire Zone), Sidra Medicine and Education City (Qatar Foundation)|
|50 riyals||Red||Qatar Central Bank building and Ministry of Finance building|
|100 riyals||Light blue||Abu Al Qubaib Mosque|
|200 riyals||Yellow||Palace of Sheikh Abdullah bin Jassim Al Thani, Qatar National Museum and Museum of Islamic Art|
|500 riyals||Violet||Ras Laffan LNG refinery and LNG canter ship|
Fixed exchange rate
The Qatari riyal is pegged to the US dollar at a fixed exchange rate of US$1 = 3.64 QR. This rate was enshrined into Qatari law by Royal Decree No.34 of 2001, signed by Hamad bin Khalifa Al Thani, Emir of Qatar, on 9 July 2001.
Article (1) states that the Qatari riyal exchange rate shall be pegged against the US dollar at 3.64, and sets upper and lower limits of 3.6415 QR and 3.6385 QR for the Qatar Central Bank's purchase and sale of dollars with banks operating in Qatar. Article (2) provides the Qatar Central Bank with the authority to determine the volume and the time of sale of US dollars and the associated conditions of such sales and payments. Article (3) cancels the earlier Royal Decree No.60 of 1975, by which the riyal was officially pegged to the IMF's special drawing rights (SDRs).
|Current QAR exchange rates|
|From Google Finance:||AUD CAD CHF EUR GBP HKD JPY USD INR KRW|
|From Yahoo! Finance:||AUD CAD CHF EUR GBP HKD JPY USD INR KRW|
|From XE.com:||AUD CAD CHF EUR GBP HKD JPY USD INR KRW|
|From OANDA:||AUD CAD CHF EUR GBP HKD JPY USD INR KRW|
|From fxtop.com:||AUD CAD CHF EUR GBP HKD JPY USD INR KRW|
Note: Rates obtained from these websites may contradict with pegged rate mentioned above
Effect of the 2017 Qatar diplomatic crisis
In response to the 2017 Qatar diplomatic crisis, banks in the countries blockading Qatar had to stop trading with Qatari banks. This led to a fall in liquidity offshore and a move away from the fixed exchange rate outside of Qatar, with up to 3.81 riyals being required to buy 1 US dollar in late June 2017, a situation that continued until December 2017.
Within Qatar itself, however, the Central Bank of Qatar has continued to buy and sell US dollars at the fixed rate.
- "Monetary System in Qatar Historical Background".
- "The Bank Notes of the Qatar and Dubai Currency Board". islamicbanknotes.com. Archived from the original on 18 February 2017. Retrieved 20 April 2018.
- Linzmayer, Owen (2012). "Qatar & Dubai". The Banknote Book. San Francisco, CA: www.BanknoteNews.com.
- Linzmayer, Owen (2012). "Qatar". The Banknote Book. San Francisco, CA: www.BanknoteNews.com.
- Qatar Central Bank: Instructions to Banks, Volume 1
- "Qatar Central Bank - Exchange Rate Policy". www.qcb.gov.qa. Retrieved 20 April 2018.
- Schuler, Kurt (29 February 2004). "Tables of modern monetary history: Asia". Archived from the original on February 19, 2007.
- Torchia, Andrew; Arnold, Tom; Carvalho, Stanley (28 June 2017). "Qatar riyal FX market in chaos but bankers believe peg still solid". CNBC. Archived from the original on 2017-11-07. Retrieved 20 April 2018.
- "Qatar's Key Concern Remains on Funding Side". financialtribune.com. 22 October 2017. Retrieved 20 April 2018.
- "XE: USD / QAR Currency Chart. US Dollar to Qatari Riyal Rates". www.xe.com. Retrieved 20 April 2018.
- Editorial, Reuters. "Several UK banks stop selling Qatar riyals as diplomatic crisis mounts". reuters.com. Retrieved 20 April 2018.