The Qatif conflict was a modern phase of sectarian tensions and violence in Eastern Arabia between Arab Shia Muslims and Arab Sunni majority, which has ruled Saudi Arabia since early 20th century. The conflict encompassed civil unrest which has been sporadically happened since 1979 events, pro-democracy and pro-human rights protests and occasional armed incidents, which increased in 2017 as part of the 2017–20 Qatif unrest. The conflict ended in 2020.
|Part of the Iran–Saudi Arabia proxy conflict|
Map of Saudi Arabia, with Eastern Province (including Qatif region) highlighted.
Iran-backed Shia militants (1980s–1990s)
|Commanders and leaders|
|Casualties and losses|
|Total: 213–275 killed (1979–1983, 2011–2017)|