Qatif conflict

The Qatif conflict was a modern phase of sectarian tensions and violence in Eastern Arabia between Arab Shia Muslims and Arab Sunni majority, which has ruled Saudi Arabia since early 20th century. The conflict encompassed civil unrest which has been sporadically happened since 1979 events, pro-democracy and pro-human rights protests and occasional armed incidents, which increased in 2017 as part of the 2017–20 Qatif unrest. The conflict ended in 2020.[1]

Qatif conflict
Part of the Iran–Saudi Arabia proxy conflict

Map of Saudi Arabia, with Eastern Province (including Qatif region) highlighted.
Date26 November 1979 – 1983 (4 years)
11 March 2011 – 7 January 2020[1]
(9 years)
Location
Status Ended
Belligerents

 Saudi Arabia

Iran-backed Shia militants (1980s–1990s)[2]

Saudi Shia civilians
Commanders and leaders
Unknown Unknown
Strength
Unknown Unknown
Casualties and losses
Unknown Unknown
Total: 213–275 killed (1979–1983, 2011–2017)