Quadrilateral

In geometry a quadrilateral is a four-sided polygon, having four edges (sides) and four corners (vertices). The word is derived from the Latin words quadri, a variant of four, and latus, meaning "side". Another name for it is tetragon, derived from greek "tetra" meaning "four" and "gon" meaning "corner" or "angle", in analogy to e.g., pentagon. "Gon" being "angle" also is at the root of calling it quadrangle, 4-angle, in analogy to triangle. A quadrilateral with vertices , , and is sometimes denoted as .[1]

Quadrilateral
Some types of quadrilaterals
Edges and vertices4
Schläfli symbol{4} (for square)
Areavarious methods;
see below
Internal angle (degrees)90° (for square and rectangle)

Quadrilaterals are either simple (not self-intersecting), or complex (self-intersecting, or crossed). Simple quadrilaterals are either convex or concave.

The interior angles of a simple (and planar) quadrilateral ABCD add up to 360 degrees of arc, that is[1]

This is a special case of the n-gon interior angle sum formula: (n − 2) × 180°.

All non-self-crossing quadrilaterals tile the plane, by repeated rotation around the midpoints of their edges.[2]


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