A queen consort is the wife of a reigning king, or an empress consort in the case of an emperor. A queen consort usually shares her spouse's social rank and status. She holds the feminine equivalent of the king's monarchical titles, and is crowned and anointed, but historically, she does not formally share the regnant's political and military powers, unless on occasion acting as regent.
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In contrast, a queen regnant is queen in her own right, with all the powers of a monarch, who (usually) has become queen by inheriting the throne upon the death of the previous monarch. A well known example of a queen regnant is Queen Elizabeth I, daughter of Henry VIII and Anne Boleyn. She was queen regnant from 1558 until her death in 1603.