Queens

Queens is a borough of New York City, coextensive with Queens County, in the U.S. state of New York. It is the largest borough of New York City in area and is adjacent to the borough of Brooklyn at the western end of Long Island,[3] with Nassau County to the east. Queens also shares water borders with the boroughs of Manhattan, the Bronx, and Staten Island (via the Rockaways).

Queens
Queens County, New York
Interactive map outlining Queens
Queens
Interactive map outlining Queens
Coordinates: 40°45′N 73°52′W
Country United States
State New York
CountyQueens (coterminous)
CityNew York City
Settled1683
Named forCatherine of Braganza
Government
  TypeBorough (New York City)
  Borough PresidentDonovan Richards (D)
(Borough of Queens)
  District AttorneyMelinda Katz (D)
(Queens County)
Area
  Total178 sq mi (460 km2)
  Land109 sq mi (280 km2)
  Water70 sq mi (200 km2)  39%
Highest elevation258.2 ft (78.7 m)
Population
  Total2,405,464
  Density22,124.5/sq mi (8,542.3/km2)
  Demonym
Queensite[2]
ZIP Code prefixes
110--, 111--, 113--, 114--, 116--
Area codes718/347/929 and 917
GDP (2018)US$93.3 billion[Census 2]
WebsiteOfficial Website of the Queens Borough President

Queens is the second-largest in population of the five New York City boroughs with a population of 2,405,464 as of the 2020 census.[Census 1] If each borough were ranked as a city, Queens would rank as the fourth-most-populous in the U.S., after Los Angeles, Chicago, and Brooklyn. Approximately 47 percent of the residents of Queens are foreign-born.[Census 3] Queens County also is the second-most-populous county in New York State, behind Kings County. Queens is the most linguistically diverse place on Earth and is one of the most ethnically diverse counties in the United States.[News 1][Census 4][Census 5]

Queens was established in 1683 as one of the original 12 counties of the Province of New York. The settlement was presumably named for the English Queen Catherine of Braganza (1638–1705).[4][5] From 1683 to 1899, the County of Queens included what is now Nassau County. Queens became a borough during the consolidation of New York City in 1898, combining the separate towns of Long Island City, Newtown, Flushing, Jamaica, and western Hempstead.[NYS-Laws 1] With the exception of Hempstead, all are today considered neighborhoods of Queens.

Queens has the most diversified economy of the five boroughs of New York City.[6] It is home to two of New York City's airports: John F. Kennedy International Airport and LaGuardia Airport. Landmarks in Queens which support its economy include Flushing Meadows–Corona Park; Citi Field, home to the New York Mets baseball team; the USTA Billie Jean King National Tennis Center, site of the U.S. Open tennis tournament; Kaufman Astoria Studios; Silvercup Studios; and the Aqueduct Racetrack. Flushing is undergoing rapid gentrification with investment by Chinese transnational entities,[News 2] while Long Island City is undergoing gentrification secondary to its proximity across the East River from Manhattan.

The borough has diverse housing, ranging from high-rise apartment buildings in some areas of western and central Queens, such as Ozone Park, Jackson Heights, Flushing, Astoria, and Long Island City, to neighborhoods with many low-rise structures in the eastern part of the borough.[News 3][News 4]