Quetta

Quetta (/ˈkwɛtə/; Pashto: کوټه‎; Balochi: کویته; Urdu: کوئٹہ; [ˈkweːʈə] (listen)), formerly known as Shalkot (Pashto: ښالکوټ; Balochi: شال کوٹ),[3] is the provincial capital and largest city of the Pakistani province of Balochistan. It is also the 10th largest city in Pakistan.[4] It was largely destroyed in the 1935 Quetta earthquake, but was rebuilt and has a population of 1,001,205 according to the census of 2017.[5][2][6] Quetta is at an average elevation of 1,680 metres (5,510 feet) above sea level,[7] making it Pakistan's only high-altitude major city. The city is known as the "Fruit Garden of Pakistan," due to the numerous fruit orchards in and around it, and the large variety of fruits and dried fruit products produced there.[8]

Quetta
  • کوټه
  • کویته
  • کوئٹہ
Clockwise from top:
Night view of Quetta City, Mehrabad Valley, Cantt Quetta, Bolan Mosque
Nickname(s): 
Little London, Fruit Garden of Pakistan
Quetta
Quetta
Coordinates: 30°11′N 67°00′E
Country Pakistan
Province Balochistan
DistrictQuetta
Incorporated1876
Government
  TypeMunicipal Corporation[1]
  Mayor of QuettaSeat Vacant
  Deputy Mayor of QuettaSeat Vacant
Area
  City178 km2 (69 sq mi)
  Metro
3,501 km2 (1,352 sq mi)
Elevation
1,680 m (5,510 ft)
Population
  City1,001,205
  Rank10th in Pakistan;
1st in Balochistan
  Density5,600/km2 (15,000/sq mi)
  Demonym
Quettan or Quettawal (kʰwətə.wal)
Time zoneUTC+05:00 (PKT)
ZIP code format
87xxx
Area code(s)081
Websitewww.balochistan.gov.pk

Located in northern Balochistan near the Pakistan-Afghanistan border and the road across to Kandahar, Quetta is a trade and communication centre between the two countries. The city is near the Bolan Pass route which was once one of the major gateways from Central Asia to South Asia. Quetta played an important role militarily for the Pakistani Armed Forces in the intermittent Afghanistan conflict.