Quraysh

The Quraysh (Arabic: قُرَيْشٌ, Hejazi pronunciation: [qʊrajʃ]) are a mercantile Arab tribe that historically inhabited and controlled the city of Mecca and its Ka'ba. The Islamic prophet Muhammad was born into the Hashemite clan of the tribe. Despite this, many of the Quraysh staunchly opposed Muhammad, until converting to Islam en masse in c.630 CE. Afterward, leadership of the Muslim community traditionally passed to a member of the Quraysh, as was the case with the Sunni Rashidun, Umayyad, Abbasid, and Shia Fatimid Caliphate

Quraysh
قُرَيْشٌ
Adnanite, Qedarite
Banner of Quraysh in the Battle of Siffin (657)
EthnicityArab
NisbaQurashī
LocationMecca, Saudi Arabia
Descended fromFihr ibn Malik
Parent tribeKinana
LanguageArabic
ReligionIslam (630 - present)
Polytheism (230 - 630)