The RPG-7 (Russian: РПГ-7, Ручной Противотанковый Гранатомёт – Ruchnoy Protivotankoviy Granatomyot) is a portable, reusable, unguided, shoulder-launched, anti-tank, rocket-propelled grenade launcher. The RPG-7 and its predecessor, the RPG-2, were designed by the Soviet Union, and are now manufactured by the Russian company Bazalt. The weapon has the GRAU index (Russian armed forces index) 6G3.
|Type||Rocket-propelled grenade launcher|
|Place of origin||Soviet Union|
|Used by||See Users|
|Manufacturer||Bazalt and Degtyarev plant (Russian Federation)|
|Variants||RPG-7V2 (current model)|
Type 69 RPG (China)
PSRL-1 (Airtronic USA)
|Mass||6.3 kg (13.9 lb) (without a telescopic sight)|
7 kg (15.4 lb) (with PGO-7)
|Length||950 mm (37.4 in)|
|Muzzle velocity||115 m/s (boost)|
300 m/s (flight)
|Effective firing range||330 m (PG-7V)|
|Maximum firing range||700 m (OG-7V) |
(self detonates at ≈920 m (1,000 yd))
|Sights||PGO-7 (2.7×), UP-7V Telescopic sight and 1PN51/1PN58 night vision sights|
Red dot reflex sight
The ruggedness, simplicity, low cost, and effectiveness of the RPG-7 has made it the most widely used anti-armor weapon in the world. Currently around 40 countries use the weapon; it is manufactured in several variants by nine countries. It is popular with irregular and guerrilla forces. The RPG has been used in almost all conflicts across all continents since the mid-1960s from the Vietnam War to the ongoing Syrian Civil War.
Widely produced, the most commonly seen major variations are the RPG-7D (десантник – desantnik – paratrooper) model, which can be broken into two parts for easier carrying; and the lighter Chinese Type 69 RPG. DIO of Iran manufactures RPG-7s with olive green handguards, H&K pistol grips, and a Commando variant.
The RPG-7 was first delivered to the Soviet Army in 1961 and deployed at squad level. It replaced the RPG-2, having clearly out-performed the intermediate RPG-4 design during testing. The current model produced by the Russian Federation is the RPG-7V2, capable of firing standard and dual high explosive anti-tank (HEAT) rounds, high explosive/fragmentation, and thermobaric warheads (see below), with a UP-7V sighting device fitted (used in tandem with the standard 2.7× PGO-7 optical sight) to allow the use of extended range ammunition. The RPG-7D3 is the equivalent paratrooper model. Both the RPG-7V2 and RPG-7D3 were adopted by the Russian Ground Forces in 2001.