The Rank Organisation

The Rank Organisation (founded as J. Arthur Rank), was a British entertainment conglomerate founded by industrialist J. Arthur Rank in April 1937, Rank also served as the company chairman. It quickly became the largest and most vertically integrated film company in the United Kingdom, owning production, distribution and exhibition facilities as well as manufacturing projection equipment and chairs.[1] It also diversified into the manufacture of radios, TVs and photocopiers (as one of the owners of Rank Xerox). The company name lasted until February 1996, when the name and some of the remaining assets were absorbed into the newly structured Rank Group plc. The company itself became a wholly owned subsidiary of Xerox and was renamed XRO Limited in 1997.[2]

The Rank Organisation
IndustryFilm and media industry
Founded23 April 1937 (1937-04-23) as J. Arthur Rank
FounderJ. Arthur Rank
Defunct7 February 1996; 27 years ago (1996-02-07)
SuccessorRank Group
HeadquartersLondon, England, United Kingdom
ProductsFilm production, distribution and exhibition
(* diversified: radio, television and photocopying manufacturing, record label)

The company logo, the Gongman, first used in 1935 by the group's distribution company General Film Distributors[3] and seen in the opening titles of the films, became a celebrated and enduring film emblem.[4]

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