Reading, Berkshire

Reading (/ˈrɛdɪŋ/ (listen) RED-ing)[2] is a historic market town in Berkshire, England, in the Thames Valley at the confluence of the River Thames and Kennet. It is on the Great Western Main Line railway and the M4 motorway, 40 miles (64 km) east of Swindon, 25 miles (40 km) south of Oxford, 40 miles (64 km) west of London, 15 miles (24 km) north of Basingstoke, 13 miles (21 km) southwest of Maidenhead and 15 miles (24 km) east of Newbury.

Reading
Borough of Reading
From top left: Reading's medieval Market Place with Town Hall and 11th century St Laurence's Church, the Maiwand Lion, the Town Centre skyline from the Royal Berkshire Hospital, the 12th Century Reading Abbey ruins, The Oracle shopping centre and River Kennet
Motto(s): 
A Deo et Regina
With God and Queen
Borough of Reading shown within Berkshire
Reading
Borough of Reading shown within Berkshire
Reading
Reading (England)
Reading
Reading (Europe)
Coordinates: 51°27′15″N 0°58′23″W
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Constituent country England
RegionSouth East England
Ceremonial county Berkshire
Historic county
  • Berkshire (south of the River Thames)
  • Oxfordshire (north of the River Thames)
Admin HQReading
Settled871 or earlier
Town status1086 or earlier
Government
  TypeUnitary authority
  BodyReading Borough Council
  LeadershipLeader and Cabinet
  MayorCllr David Stevens
  MPsMatt Rodda (L)
Alok Sharma (C)
Elevation
61 m (200 ft)
Population
 (mid-2019 est.)
  Borough161,780
  Rank119th (of 309) (borough)
  Density4,040/km2 (10,500/sq mi)
  Urban
337,108
  Ethnicity (Borough)[1]
Demonym(s)Redingensian, Readingite
Time zoneUTC+0 (GMT)
  Summer (DST)UTC+1 (BST)
Postal code
Area code(s)0118
Grid Ref.SU713733
ONS code
  • 00MC (ONS)
  • E06000038 (GSS)
ISO 3166-2GB-RDG
NUTS 3UKJ11
Websitereading.gov.uk

Reading dates from the 8th century. It was an important trading and ecclesiastical centre in the Middle Ages, the site of Reading Abbey, one of the largest and richest monasteries of medieval England with strong royal connections, of which the 12th-century abbey gateway and significant ancient ruins remain. By 1525, Reading was the largest town in Berkshire, and tenth in England for taxable wealth. The town was seriously affected by the English Civil War, with a major siege and loss of trade, but played a pivotal role in the Revolution of 1688, whose only significant military action was fought on its streets. The 18th century saw the beginning of a major ironworks in the town and the growth of the brewing trade for which Reading was to become famous. The 19th century saw the coming of the Great Western Railway and the development of the town's brewing, baking and seed growing businesses, and the town grew rapidly as a manufacturing centre.

Reading is a major commercial centre, especially for information technology and insurance.[3] It is also a regional retail centre, serving a large area of the Thames Valley, and home to the University of Reading. Every year it hosts the Reading Festival, one of England's biggest music festivals. Among its sports teams are Reading Football Club and Reading Hockey Club, and over 15,000 runners annually compete in the Reading Half Marathon.