Recall of Parliament
A recall of Parliament is a parliamentary procedure involving an extraordinary sitting of a parliament, occurring outside the time when that parliament would usually meet, such as over a weekend, or when the parliament would normally be in recess. A parliament is generally recalled as a result of events of major national importance, thus allowing members to hold an emergency debate on issues relating to those events.
In the United Kingdom, decisions as to whether the House of Commons or House of Lords should be recalled are the responsibility of the Speakers of those individual bodies, and are usually taken following a request from the government. This follows a 2001 recommendation from the Hansard Society Commission on Parliamentary Scrutiny that "the Speaker of the Commons should have the ability to recall Parliament at times of emergency". This is codified by the House of Commons Standing Order 13.
In the United Kingdom, Parliament has been recalled on the following occasions:
- 27–29 September 1949: To discuss the devaluation of the pound sterling.
- 12 and 19 September 1950: To discuss the Korean War.
- 4 October 1951: 1951 general election—prorogation, followed by dissolution.
- 12–14 September 1956: To discuss the Suez Crisis and the Cyprus Emergency.
- 18 September 1959: 1959 general election—prorogation, followed by dissolution.
- 17 and 23 October 1961: To debate the Berlin Crisis.
- 16 January 1968: To debate government expenditure cuts.
- 26–27 August 1968: To debate the Soviet invasion of Czechoslovakia and the Nigerian Civil War.
- 26–29 May 1970: 1970 general election—prorogation, followed by dissolution.
- 22–23 September 1971: To discuss The Troubles.
- 9–10 January 1974: To discuss the impact of the 1973 oil crisis.
- 3–4 June 1974: To discuss The Troubles.
- 2 and 14 April 1982: To discuss the Falklands crisis.
- 6–7 September 1990: To discuss Britain's response to Iraq's Invasion of Kuwait.
- 24–25 September 1992: To discuss the government's economic policy following Black Wednesday, and the United Nations response to events in Yugoslavia, Iraq and Somalia.
- 31 May 1995: To discuss the Bosnian War.
- 2–3 September 1998: To debate the Criminal Justice (Terrorism and Conspiracy) Bill following the Omagh bombing.
- 14 September 2001: To discuss the September 11 attacks in the United States.
- 4 and 8 October 2001: To discuss the invasion of Afghanistan and the War on Terror.
- 3 April 2002: To allow MPs to pay tribute to Queen Elizabeth, the Queen Mother following her death.
- 24 September 2002: To debate the situation in Iraq following the publication of the September Dossier on weapons of mass destruction in Iraq.
- 20 July 2011: For a statement on public confidence in the media and police in the wake of the News International phone hacking scandal.
- 11 August 2011: To debate public disorder following the 2011 England riots.
- 10 April 2013: To allow MPs to pay tribute to former Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher following her death.
- 29 August 2013: To discuss the Syrian Civil War, and the use of chemical weapons by the Syrian government.
- 26 September 2014: To discuss possible military intervention against the Islamic State in Iraq and the Levant in Iraq and Syria.
- 20 June 2016: To allow MPs to pay tribute to Labour MP Jo Cox, who was killed in a violent attack a few days earlier.
- 25 September 2019: Following the outcome of R (Miller) v The Prime Minister and Cherry v Advocate General for Scotland the previous day, which had ruled the prorogation of parliament earlier that month was "unlawful, void and to no effect" and that MPs and peers should be free to resume sitting immediately. However, Speaker of the House John Bercow did not consider this to be a recall of parliament since the prorogation had been ruled unlawful.
- 2 June 2020: The House of Commons was recalled for an earlier sitting to debate and vote on proceedings during its divisions, due to the COVID-19 pandemic.
- 30 December 2020: Parliament was recalled to debate and pass the European Union (Future Relationship) Act 2020.
- 6 January 2021: The House of Commons was recalled to debate and vote on regulations relating to public health during the COVID-19 pandemic.
- 12 April 2021: The House of Commons was recalled a day early after its Easter break to allow MPs to pay tribute to Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh following his death on 9 April. The House of Lords was already due to sit on the 12th.
- "Recall of Parliament - UK Parliament". Parliament.uk. Retrieved 18 June 2016.
- Williamson, David (1 April 2016). "Here's when Parliament has been recalled - should MPs be back to debate steel?". The Western Mail. Trinity Mirror. Retrieved 18 June 2016.
- "Standing Orders of the House of Commons - Public Business 2015". parliament.uk. Retrieved 31 December 2020.
13.—(1)Whenever the House stands adjourned and it is represented to the Speaker by Her Majesty’s Ministers that the public interest requires that the House should meet at a time earlier than that to which the House stands adjourned, the Speaker, if he is satisfied that the public interest does so require, may give notice that, being so satisfied, he appoints a time for the House to meet, and the House shall accordingly meet at the time stated in such notice.
- "Recall of Parliament - UK Parliament". Parliament.uk. Retrieved 18 June 2016.
- "Commons passes anti-terrorism bill". BBC News. BBC. 3 September 1998. Retrieved 18 June 2016.
- "Blair leads tributes to Queen Mother". BBC News. BBC. 4 April 2002. Retrieved 18 June 2016.
- Lowther, Ed (9 August 2011). "Timeline: When Parliament has been recalled". BBC News. BBC. Retrieved 18 June 2016.
- Smith, Norman (9 August 2011). "London riots: Parliament to be recalled". BBC News. BBC. Retrieved 18 June 2016.
- Freedland, Jonathan (10 April 2013). "Margaret Thatcher: parliament recall sets John Bercow and No 10 at odds". The Guardian. Guardian Media Group. Retrieved 18 June 2016.
- Watt, Nicholas; Mason, Rowena (27 August 2013). "David Cameron recalls parliament over Syria crisis". The Guardian. Guardian Media Group. Retrieved 18 June 2016.
- "Parliament Recalled to Take UK to War Against Isis in Iraq". International Business Times. 24 September 2014. Retrieved 18 June 2016.
- "Parliament to be recalled in sign of respect to murdered MP Jo Cox". 17 June 2016. Retrieved 17 June 2016.
- "Supreme Court rules Boris Johnson's suspension of Parliament 'unlawful, void and to no effect'". The Independent. Independent Print Limited. 24 September 2019. Retrieved 25 September 2019.
- Honeycombe-Foster, Matt (24 September 2019). "John Bercow orders Commons to reopen after Supreme Court rules Boris Johnson's shutdown 'unlawful'". PoliticsHome. Retrieved 25 September 2019.
"In the light of that explicit judgment I have instructed the House authorities to prepare not for the recall - the prorogation was unlawful and is void - but to prepare for the resumption of the business of the House of Commons.
- "Government requests recall of Parliament". www.parliament.uk. Retrieved 2020-12-31.
- "House of Commons recalled on 30 December". Parliament.UK. 24 December 2020. Retrieved 31 December 2020.
The Speaker of the House of Commons has granted a request from the Government to recall the House at 9.30am on 30 December 2020 to debate legislation to give effect to the Agreement with the EU in UK law.
- "What's the timetable for parliament's vote on the Brexit trade deal?". The Guardian. 29 December 2020. Retrieved 31 December 2020.
As parliament is in recess for Christmas, it is being recalled on 30 December so that MPs can debate and vote on the bill to enact Downing Street’s trade agreement with the EU.
- "House of Commons recalled on 6 January 2021 at 11.30am". house-of-commons-recalled-on-6-january-2021. Retrieved 2021-01-06.
- "Parliament recalled for Duke of Edinburgh tributes". The Independent. 9 April 2021. Retrieved 10 April 2021.
Parliament is to be recalled on Monday to allow MPs to pay tribute to the Duke of Edinburgh following his death earlier today. Prime minister Boris Johnson will lead the tributes from 2.30pm, as the House of Commons reconvenes a day early after its Easter break... The House of Lords was already scheduled to return from recess on Monday at 1pm