RAID (French police unit)

Recherche, Assistance, Intervention, Dissuasion ("Search, Assistance, Intervention, Deterrence"), commonly abbreviated RAID (/rd/; French: [ʁɛd] (listen)), is an elite tactical unit of the French National Police. It is headquartered in Bièvres, Essonne, approximately 20 kilometres (12 miles) southwest of Paris. Created in 1985, RAID is the National Police counterpart of the National Gendarmerie's GIGN. Both units share responsibility for the French territory.[3]

Search, Assistance, Intervention, Deterrence
Recherche, Assistance, Intervention, Dissuasion  (French)
Écusson du RAID
Active1985 – present
Country France
AgencyNational Police
TypePolice tactical unit
RoleLaw enforcement
Hostage rescue
Close protection
HeadquartersBièvres, Essonne
Motto"Servir sans faillir"
"To serve without failing"
OperatorsApprox. 450[1]
Jean-Baptiste Dulion[2]
Significant operation(s)

Since 2009, RAID and the Paris Research and Intervention Brigade (BRI), a separate National Police unit reporting directly into the Paris Police Prefecture (French: Préfecture de police de Paris),[4] have formed a task force called National Police Intervention Force (French: Force d'intervention de la Police nationale) or FIPN. When activated, the task force is headed by the RAID commander. In early 2015, the seven regional units of the National Police, previously known as National Police Intervention Groups (GIPNs), were permanently integrated into RAID and re-designated into "RAID branches" (French: antennes RAID).[5]