Recidivism (; from recidive and ism, from Latin recidīvus "recurring", from re- "back" and cadō "I fall") is the act of a person repeating an undesirable behavior after they have experienced negative consequences of that behavior. It is also used to refer to the percentage of former prisoners who are rearrested for a similar offense.
The examples and perspective in this article deal primarily with the United States and do not represent a worldwide view of the subject
. (December 2019)
The term is frequently used in conjunction with criminal behavior and substance use disorders. Recidivism is a synonym for "relapse", which is more commonly used in medicine and in the disease model of addiction.