Church of the Holy Trinity v. United States

Church of the Holy Trinity v. United States, 143 U.S. 457 (1892), was a decision of the Supreme Court of the United States regarding an employment contract between The Church of the Holy Trinity, New York and an English (Anglican) priest.[1]

Church of the Holy Trinity v. United States
Submitted January 7, 1892
Argued January 7, 1892
Decided February 29, 1892
Full case nameChurch of the Holy Trinity v. United States
Citations143 U.S. 457 (more)
12 S. Ct. 511; 36 L. Ed. 226; 1892 U.S. LEXIS 2036
Case history
PriorError to the Circuit Court of the United States for the Southern District of New York
Holding
The circuit court did err when it held that the contract hiring an English rector was within the prohibition of the statute, which disallowed a "person, company, partnership, or corporation, in any manner whatsoever to prepay the transportation, or in any way assist or encourage the importation or migration, of any alien or aliens, any foreigner or foreigners, into the United States ... under contract or agreement ... to perform labor or service of any kind in the United States".
Court membership
Chief Justice
Melville Fuller
Associate Justices
Stephen J. Field · John M. Harlan
Horace Gray · Samuel Blatchford
Lucius Q. C. Lamar II · David J. Brewer
Henry B. Brown
Case opinion
MajorityBrewer, joined by unanimous
Laws applied
U.S. chap. 164, 23 St. p. 332