Redevelopment of Norrmalm

The redevelopment of Norrmalm (Swedish: Norrmalmsregleringen; lit.'the Norrmalm regulation') was a major revision of the city plan for lower Norrmalm district in Stockholm, Sweden, which was principally decided by the Stockholm town council in 1945, and realised during the 1950s, 1960s, and 1970s. The renewal resulted in most of the old Klara quarters being replaced for the modern city of Stockholm, according to rigorist CBD ideas, while the Stockholm subway was facilitated through the city. As a result of the project, over 750 buildings were demolished to make way for new infrastructure and redevelopment.[citation needed]

"The five trumpet-blasts" under construction in 1964.

The renewal of Norrmalm was the largest Swedish urban development project to date and engaged a large part of Sweden's architectural élite. The Norrmalm renewal has been criticised and admired throughout Sweden and internationally, and is regarded as one of the larger and most full-of-character of all city renewals in Europe in the aftermath of World War II, even including the cities that were severely damaged during the war.[1] Key politicians behind the massive urban renewal project included Yngve Larsson and Hjalmar Mehr.

See also



  1. Rudberg 1989, p. 146

Printed sources

  • Larsson, Yngve (1960). Nedre Norrmalm: historiskt och ohistoriskt (in Swedish). [Stockholm]: [förf.] SELIBR 1794231.
  • Stockholms stadsmuseum; Persson, Mats (1976). City: byggnadsinventering 1974-75. D. 1 [Stadsbyggnadshistorisk översikt och byggnadshistoriskt register över kvarteren Adam & Eva - Käpplingeholmen] (PDF) (in Swedish). Stockholm: Stadsmuseet. SELIBR 130003.
  • Stockholms stadsmuseum; Persson, Mats (1976). City: byggnadsinventering 1974-75. D. 2 [Byggnadshistoriskt register över kvarteren Ladugårdsbron - Österbotten] (PDF) (in Swedish). Stockholm: Stadsmuseet. SELIBR 130004.
  • Rudberg, Eva (1989). Sven Markelius, arkitekt (in Swedish). Stockholm: Arkitektur. ISBN 9186050222. SELIBR 7754407.
  • Råberg, Marianne; Lundkvist, Ingvar, eds. (1985). Husen på malmarna: en bok om Stockholm (in Swedish). Stockholm: Prisma i samarbete med Stockholms stadsmuseum. ISBN 9151817608. SELIBR 8357892.
  • Selling, Gösta (1970). Esplanadsystemet och Albert Lindhagen. Stockholm stads monografiserie (in Swedish). Stockholmia förlag. ISBN 9789149029530. SELIBR 14718158.
  • Sjöbrandt, Anders; Sylvén, Björn (2000). Stockholm - staden som försvann: [bilder i färg från 1950- och 60-talen] (in Swedish). Stockholm: Natur och kultur/LT. ISBN 9127352250. SELIBR 7230856.
  • Skårfors, Rikard (1999). Beslutsfattandets dilemma: planarbete och opinionsyttringar rörande trafikleder i Stockholm 1945-1975. Working papers in transport and communication history, 1104-6988 ; 1999:2 (in Swedish). Umeå: Research Group "Transports and Communications in Perspective", Depts. of Economic History, Umeå Univ. and Uppsala Univ. SELIBR 2838557.