Reichsmark

The Reichsmark (German: [ˈʁaɪ̯çsˌmaɐ̯k] (listen); sign: ℛℳ or RM) was the currency of Germany from 1924 until 20 June 1948 in West Germany, where it was replaced with the Deutsche Mark, and until 23 June 1948 in East Germany, where it was replaced by the East German mark. The Reichsmark was subdivided into 100 Reichspfennigs (rpf[1] or ℛ₰). The Mark is an ancient Germanic weight measure, traditionally a half pound, later used for several coins; whereas Reich (realm in English), comes from the official name for the German state from 1871 to 1945, Deutsches Reich.

Reichsmark
2 ℛℳ—coin with Paul von Hindenburg5 ℛℳ—banknote with a German youth
Denominations
Subunit
1100Reichspfennig
PluralReichsmark
ReichspfennigReichspfennig
SymbolRM (before numerals), ℛℳ (after numerals)
Banknotes5 ℛℳ, 10 ℛℳ, 20 ℛℳ, 50 ℛℳ, 100 ℛℳ, 1,000 ℛℳ
Coins1 ℛ₰, 2 ℛ₰, 5 ℛ₰, 10 ℛ₰, 50 ℛ₰, 1 ℛℳ, 2 ℛℳ, 5 ℛℳ
Demographics
Date of introduction1924
ReplacedGerman Rentenmark
Date of withdrawal
  • June 20, 1948 (West Germany)
  • July 28, 1948 (East Germany)
Replaced by
User(s)
Issuance
Central bankReichsbank
Valuation
Pegged byBelgian franc, Bohemian and Moravian koruna, Bulgarian lev, Danish krone, French franc, Italian lira, Luxembourg franc, Dutch gulden, Norwegian krone, Polish złoty, Serbian dinar, Slovak koruna, Ukrainian karbovanets in World War II as similar rates
This infobox shows the latest status before this currency was rendered obsolete.