Reichstag building

The Reichstag (German: Reichstagsgebäude [ˈʁaɪçstaːksɡəˌbɔʏdə]; officially: Deutscher Bundestag – Plenarbereich Reichstagsgebäude [ˈdɔʏtʃɐ ˈbʊndəsˌtaːk ˈpleːnaːɐ̯bəˌʁaɪç ˈʁaɪçstaːksɡəˌbɔʏdə]) is a historic building in Berlin which houses the Bundestag, the lower house of Germany's parliament.

The dedication Dem deutschen Volke, meaning To the German people, can be seen on the frieze.
General information
Town or cityBerlin
Coordinates52.5186°N 13.3763°E / 52.5186; 13.3763
Current tenantsBundestag
Construction started9 June 1884
Renovated1961–1964, 1992–1999
Height47 m (154 ft)
Technical details
Floor area61,166 [1]
Design and construction
ArchitectPaul Wallot
Renovating team
ArchitectNorman Foster

It was constructed to house the Imperial Diet (German: Reichstag) of the German Empire. It was opened in 1894 and housed the Diet until 1933, when it was severely damaged after being set on fire. After World War II, the building fell into disuse; the parliament of the German Democratic Republic (the Volkskammer) met in the Palast der Republik in East Berlin, while the parliament of the Federal Republic of Germany (the Bundestag) met in the Bundeshaus in Bonn.

The ruined building was made safe against the elements and partially refurbished in the 1960s, but no attempt at full restoration was made until after German reunification on 3 October 1990, when it underwent a reconstruction led by architect Norman Foster. After its completion in 1999, it once again became the meeting place of the German parliament: the contemporary Bundestag.