Republic of the Congo (Léopoldville)

The Republic of the Congo (French: République du Congo) was a sovereign state in Central Africa, created with the independence of the Belgian Congo in 1960. From 1960 to 1966, the country was also known as Congo-Léopoldville (after its capital) to distinguish it from its northwestern neighbor, which is also called the Republic of the Congo, alternatively known as "Congo-Brazzaville". In 1964, the state's official name was changed to the Democratic Republic of the Congo,[2][3] but the two countries continued to be distinguished by their capitals; with the renaming of Léopoldville as Kinshasa in 1966, it became also known as Congo-Kinshasa. After Joseph Désiré Mobutu, renamed Mobutu Sese Seko in 1972, commander-in-chief of the national army, seized control of the country, it became the Republic of Zaire in 1971. It would again become the Democratic Republic of the Congo in 1997. The period between 1960 and 1964 is referred to as the First Congolese Republic.

Republic of the Congo
(1960–1964)
République du Congo

Democratic Republic of the Congo
(1964–1971)
République démocratique du Congo
1960–1971
Flag
(1966–1971)
Coat of arms
(1963–1971)
Motto: "Justice – Paix – Travail" (French)
"Justice – Peace – Work"
Anthem: Debout Congolais (French)
Arise, Congolese

CapitalKinshasa (named Léopoldville before 1966)
Common languages
GovernmentParliamentary republic (until 1965)
Military dictatorship (from 1965)
President 
 1960–1965
Joseph Kasa-Vubu
 1965–1971
Joseph-Desiré Mobutu
Prime Minister 
 1960
Patrice Lumumba
 1960, 1961
Joseph Iléo
 1961–1964
Cyrille Adoula
 1964–1965
Moïse Tshombe
 1965
Évariste Kimba
 1965–1966
Léonard Mulamba
Historical eraCold War
30 June 1960
30 December 1961
16 January 1962
15 January 1963
 Country renamed DRC
1 August 1964
25 November 1965
27 October 1971
CurrencyCongolese franc (until 1967)
Congolese zaire (1967–1971)
ISO 3166 codeCG
Preceded by
Succeeded by
Belgian Congo
Zaire
Today part ofDemocratic Republic of the Congo
1964 Constitution of the Democratic Republic of the Congo

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