Republican Left of Catalonia

The Republican Left of Catalonia (Catalan: Esquerra Republicana de Catalunya, ERC; IPA: [əsˈkɛrə rəpubːliˈkanə ðə kətəˈluɲə]) is a pro-Catalan independence, social-democratic political party in the Spanish autonomous community of Catalonia, with a presence also in Valencia, the Balearic Islands and the French department of Pyrénées-Orientales (Northern Catalonia).[21] It is also the main sponsor of the independence movement from France and Spain in the territories known as Catalan Countries, focusing on the creation of a Catalan Republic. Its current president is Oriol Junqueras and its secretary-general is Marta Rovira.[22] The party is a member of the European Free Alliance.

Republican Left of Catalonia
Esquerra Republicana de Catalunya
AbbreviationERC
PresidentOriol Junqueras
Secretary-GeneralMarta Rovira
National CoordinatorPere Aragonès
Founded19 March 1931
HeadquartersC/Calàbria, 166
08015 Barcelona, Catalonia, Spain
Youth wingRepublican Youth
Membership (2019)9,500[1]
IdeologyCatalan nationalism[2][3]
Catalan independence[4]
Left-wing nationalism[5][6][7]
Republicanism[8][9]
Social democracy[10][3][11]

Federalism (minority)[12][13][14]
Second Republic:
Catch all party[15]
Political positionCentre-left[16][17][18][19]
Regional affiliationRepublican Left of Catalonia–Catalonia Yes
Republican Left of Catalonia–Sovereigntists
European affiliationEuropean Free Alliance
European Parliament groupGreens–European Free Alliance
Colours  Orange
Congress of Deputies (Catalan seats)
13 / 47
Spanish Senate (Catalan seats)
13 / 23
European Parliament
2 / 59
Parliament of Catalonia
33 / 135
Parliament of the Balearic Islands
1 / 59
Mayors in Catalonia[20]
359 / 947
Town councillors in Catalonia
3,109 / 9,077
Town councillors in the Balearic Islands
16 / 925
Website
www.esquerra.cat

ERC, a party of relevant Catalan politicians including Francesc Macià, Lluís Companys and Josep Tarradellas, played an important role in Catalan and Spanish politics during the Second Republic, the Civil War, the anti-Francoist resistance and the transition to democracy. Recovering a key position during the 2000s, it became a coalition partner in various Catalan governments, obtaining in 2021 the presidency of Catalonia for the first time since 1980 after the appointment of Pere Aragonès as President of the Generalitat. It currently has approximately 10,000 members.