Republicans (Portuguese: Republicanos), formerly known as Brazilian Republican Party (Portuguese: Partido Republicano Brasileiro) is a Brazilian political party. Its electoral number is 10 and it became a registered political party on August 25, 2005. Its founders included Bishop Marcelo Crivella, who had been elected in 2002 as a senator representing the Liberal Party, from the state of Rio de Janeiro.
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|Founded||September 25, 2005|
|Headquarters||SDS-Setor de Diversão Sul-Ed. Miguel Badia, 30-Bloco L-3º Andar, Sala 320-Brasília/DF, Brazil|
|Political position||Centre-right to right-wing|
|Religion||Catholic Church (majority)|
Universal Church of the Kingdom of God (supported)
|Colours||Green & Yellow|
|TSE Identification Number||10|
106 / 5,570
|Chamber of Deputies|
32 / 513
2 / 81
4 / 55
42 / 1,024
1,606 / 56,810
According to one study, the PRB has been supportive of the Lula da Silva and Rousseff presidencies “on the basis of their concern for social democracy and for eliminating inequality.” However, all of the PRB's deputies voted in favor of her impeachment.
The party leader as of 2015[update] was Vitor Paulo dos Santos.
The party's most important members are Bishop Marcelo Crivella, Rio de Janeiro senator and nephew of Universal's founder Bishop Edir Macedo, journalist Celso Russomanno and former Vice-President José Alencar. Famous football player Ronaldinho, also known as Ronaldo de Assis Moreira, joined the party in March 2018. Since 2020, president's son Carlos Bolsonaro is member of the party.
Some commentators say that the Igreja Universal do Reino de Deus (UCKG, Universal Church of the Kingdom of God, an neo-charismatic church which is organized like a business enterprise) has used the party as a base for its "bishops" to run for political office. The emeritus professor of political sciences from the University of Brasília, David Fleischer, concludes: "The PRB is an evangelical party." However several members, e.g Celso Russomanno, are Catholic.
Several leading members, e.g. Edir Macedo and Marcelo Crivella, have expressed statements of Christian fundamentalism and religious intolerance. A UN report accused members of the UCKG of verbal and physical attacks on members of the Umbanda and Candomblé religions.
Edir Macedo considered participating in presidential elections in order to transform Brazil into a theocratic state.
As mayor of Rio de Janeiro, Crivella called the Carnival of Rio de Janeiro an "un-Christian excess" and ordered severe financial cuts for the organisers. Furthermore, he is known for statements of religious intolerance. In his 1999 book Evangelizing Africa, he claimed that homosexuality is a "terrible evil," that Catholics are "demonic", that African religions are based on "evil spirits," and that Hindus drink their children's blood. He has since tried to distance himself from the book, saying that it was the work of a young, immature missionary.
|Election||Candidate||Running mate||Coalition||First round||Second round||Result|
|2006||Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva (PT)||José Alencar (PRB)||PT; PRB; PCdoB||46,662,365||48.6% (#1)||58,295,042||60.8% (#1)||Elected |
|2010||Dilma Rousseff (PT)||Michel Temer (PMDB)||PT; PMDB; PR; PSB; PDT; PCdoB; PSC; PRB; PTC; PTN||47,651,434||46.9% (#1)||55,752,529||56.1% (#1)||Elected |
|2014||PT; PMDB; PSD; PP; PR; PDT; PRB; PROS; PCdoB||43,267,668||41.6% (#1)||54,501,118||51.6 % (#1)||Elected |
|2018||Geraldo Alckimin (PSDB)||Ana Amélia (PP)||PSDB; PP; PR; PRB; PSD; SD; DEM; PTB; PPS||5,096,350||4,76% (#4)||-||-||Lost |
|Source: Election Resources: Federal Elections in Brazil – Results Lookup|
- Marcos Pereira - Vice-President of the Chamber of Deputies (2019-present); Federal Deputy for São Paulo (2019-present); President of Republicans (2018-present); Minister of Industry, Foreign Trade and Services (2016-2018)
- Marcelo Crivella - Mayor of Rio de Janeiro (2017-present); Minister of Fishing and Aquaculture (2012-2014); Senator for Rio de Janeiro (2003-2017)
- Flávio Bolsonaro - Senator for Rio de Janeiro (2019-present)
- Mecias de Jesus - Senator for Roraima (2019-present)
- Celso Russomanno - Federal Deputy for São Paulo (1995-2011; 2015-present)
- Johnathan de Jesus - Federal Deputy for Roraima (2011-present)
- Silas Câmara - Federal Deputy for Amazonas (1999-present)
- Rosângela Gomes - Federal Deputy for Rio de Janeiro (2015-present)
- Cléber Verde - Federal Deputy for Maranhão (2007-present)
- Pinto Itamaraty - Senator for Maranhão (2016-2017)
- Ronaldinho Gaúcho - Football player
- "Russomanno, o católico - Opinião". Estadão.
- SP, Do G1 (September 20, 2012). "Russomanno é entrevistado pelo SPTV". Eleições 2012 em São Paulo.
- "MEC autoriza funcionamento de faculdade de partido ligado à Universal - Política". Estadão.
- "TSE autoriza mudança do PRB para Republicanos" (in Portuguese). Poder360. 15 August 2019. Retrieved 27 August 2019.
- Lansford, Tom (2014-03-20). Political Handbook of the World 2014. ISBN 9781483386263.
- "TSE autoriza mudança do PRB para Republicanos". Poder360 (in Portuguese). 2019-08-15. Retrieved 2019-10-22.
- "Longe do PP, Celso Russomanno diz que eleitorado de Maluf é bem-vindo". JB. 8 May 2012.
- "Brazil World Cup winner Ronaldinho joins evangelical conservative party". the Guardian. March 21, 2018.
- Phillips, Dom (March 21, 2018). "Brazil World Cup winner Ronaldinho joins evangelical conservative party" – via www.theguardian.com.
- Frayssinet, Fabiana (3 July 2009). "RELIGION-BRAZIL: Intolerance Denounced At UN". Interpress Service.
- Philipp Lichterbeck: Brasilien: Droht dem Karneval das Aus? In: Der Tagesspiegel 19 December 2017
- Leahy, Joe (October 24, 2016). "Brazil's evangelicals push politics to the right". Financial Times. Retrieved March 15, 2018.
- Samuels, Gabriel (November 2, 2016). "Rio de Janeiro elects mayor who said homosexuality is 'evil'". The Independent. Retrieved March 15, 2018.