Republicans (Brazil)


Republicanos[5] (English: Republicans), formerly known as Brazilian Republican Party (Portuguese: Partido Republicano Brasileiro) is a Brazilian political party. Its electoral number is 10 and it became a registered political party on August 25, 2005. Its founders included Bishop Marcelo Crivella, who had been elected in 2002 as a senator representing the Liberal Party, from the state of Rio de Janeiro.

Republicans

Republicanos
PresidentMarcos Pereira
FoundedSeptember 25, 2005
HeadquartersSDS-Setor de Diversão Sul-Ed. Miguel Badia, 30-Bloco L-3º Andar, Sala 320-Brasília/DF, Brazil
Membership389,216[1]
IdeologyChristian ethics
Republicanism
Social conservatism
Civic nationalism
Christian democracy
Political positionCentre-right to right-wing
ReligionCatholic Church (majority)[2][3]
Universal Church of the Kingdom of God (supported)[4]
ColoursGreen & Yellow
TSE Identification Number10
Mayors
106 / 5,570
Chamber of Deputies
32 / 513
Federal Senate
2 / 81
Mercosur Parliament
4 / 55
State Assemblies
42 / 1,024
City Councillors
1,606 / 56,810
Website
www.republicanos10.org.br

History


According to one study, the PRB has been supportive of the Lula da Silva and Rousseff presidencies “on the basis of their concern for social democracy and for eliminating inequality.”[6] However, all of the PRB's deputies voted in favor of her impeachment.

In August 2019 the Brazilian Republican Party changed its name into Republicanos.[7]

People of interest


The party leader as of 2015 was Vitor Paulo dos Santos.

The party's most important members are Bishop Marcelo Crivella, Rio de Janeiro senator and nephew of Universal's founder Bishop Edir Macedo, journalist Celso Russomanno[8] and former Vice-President José Alencar. Famous football player Ronaldinho, also known as Ronaldo de Assis Moreira, joined the party in March 2018.[9] Since 2020, president's son Carlos Bolsonaro is member of the party.

Ideology


Some commentators say that the Igreja Universal do Reino de Deus (UCKG, Universal Church of the Kingdom of God, an neo-charismatic church which is organized like a business enterprise) has used the party as a base for its "bishops" to run for political office. The emeritus professor of political sciences from the University of Brasília, David Fleischer, concludes: "The PRB is an evangelical party."[10] However several members, e.g Celso Russomanno,[8] are Catholic.

Several leading members, e.g. Edir Macedo and Marcelo Crivella, have expressed statements of Christian fundamentalism and religious intolerance. A UN report accused members of the UCKG of verbal and physical attacks on members of the Umbanda and Candomblé religions.[11]

Edir Macedo considered participating in presidential elections in order to transform Brazil into a theocratic state.[11]

As mayor of Rio de Janeiro, Crivella called the Carnival of Rio de Janeiro an "un-Christian excess" and ordered severe financial cuts for the organisers.[12] Furthermore, he is known for statements of religious intolerance. In his 1999 book Evangelizing Africa, he claimed that homosexuality is a "terrible evil," that Catholics are "demonic", that African religions are based on "evil spirits," and that Hindus drink their children's blood.[13][14] He has since tried to distance himself from the book, saying that it was the work of a young, immature missionary.[13]

Electoral history


Presidential elections

Election Candidate Running mate Coalition First round Second round Result
Votes % Votes %
2006 Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva (PT) José Alencar (PRB) PT; PRB; PCdoB 46,662,365 48.6% (#1) 58,295,042 60.8% (#1) Elected Y
2010 Dilma Rousseff (PT) Michel Temer (PMDB) PT; PMDB; PR; PSB; PDT; PCdoB; PSC; PRB; PTC; PTN 47,651,434 46.9% (#1) 55,752,529 56.1% (#1) Elected Y
2014 PT; PMDB; PSD; PP; PR; PDT; PRB; PROS; PCdoB 43,267,668 41.6% (#1) 54,501,118 51.6 % (#1) Elected Y
2018 Geraldo Alckimin (PSDB) Ana Amélia (PP) PSDB; PP; PR; PRB; PSD; SD; DEM; PTB; PPS 5,096,350 4,76% (#4) - - Lost N
Source: Election Resources: Federal Elections in Brazil – Results Lookup

References