Reserve Bank of India

The Reserve Bank of India (RBI) is India's central bank and regulatory body under the jurisdiction of Ministry of Finance, Government of India. It is responsible for the issue and supply of the Indian rupee and the regulation of the Indian banking system. It also manages the country's main payment systems and works to promote its economic development. Bharatiya Reserve Bank Note Mudran is one of the specialised divisions of RBI through which it mints Indian bank notes and coins. RBI established the National Payments Corporation of India as one of its specialised division to regulate the payment and settlement systems in India. Deposit Insurance and Credit Guarantee Corporation was established by RBI as one of its specialised division for the purpose of providing insurance of deposits and guaranteeing of credit facilities to all Indian banks.

Reserve Bank of India
Seal of the RBI
HeadquartersMumbai, Maharashtra, India
Established1 April 1935; 86 years ago (1935-04-01)
OwnershipMinistry of Finance, Government of India
GovernorShaktikanta Das,[1] IAS
Central bank of India
CurrencyIndian rupee ( ₹ )
Reserves4,669,426 crore (US$650 billion)[2]
Bank rate4.25%[3]
Interest on reserves3.35% (market determined)[4]

Until the Monetary Policy Committee was established in 2016,[5] it also had full control over monetary policy in India.[6] It commenced its operations on 1 April 1935 in accordance with the Reserve Bank of India Act, 1934.[7] The original share capital was divided into shares of 100 each fully paid.[8] Following India's independence on 15 August 1947, the RBI was nationalised on 1 January 1949.[9]

The overall direction of the RBI lies with the 21-member central board of directors, composed of: the governor; four deputy governors; two finance ministry representatives (usually the Economic Affairs Secretary and the Financial Services Secretary); ten government-nominated directors; and four directors who represent local boards for Mumbai, Kolkata, Chennai, and Delhi. Each of these local boards consists of five members who represent regional interests and the interests of co-operative and indigenous banks.

It is a member bank of the Asian Clearing Union. The bank is also active in promoting financial inclusion policy and is a leading member of the Alliance for Financial Inclusion (AFI). The bank is often referred to by the name 'Mint Street'.[10]