Richard Edgar Pipes (Polish: Ryszard Pipes; July 11, 1923 – May 17, 2018) was an American academic who specialized in Russian and Soviet history. He published several books critical of communist regimes throughout his career. In 1976, he headed Team B, a team of analysts organized by the Central Intelligence Agency who analyzed the strategic capacities and goals of the Soviet military and political leadership. Pipes was the father of American historian Daniel Pipes.
|Died||May 17, 2018 94) (aged|
Cambridge, Massachusetts, U.S.
United States (1943–2018)
|Alma mater||Cornell University|
|Spouse(s)||Irene Eugenia Roth|
|Children||Daniel Pipes, Steven Pipes|
|Awards||National Humanities Medal|
|Doctoral advisor||Michael Karpovich|
Pipes was born to a Jewish family in Cieszyn, Poland, which fled the country as refugees after it was invaded by Nazi Germany. Settling in the United States in 1940, he became a naturalized citizen in 1943 while serving in the United States Army Air Corps. From 1958 to 1996, Pipes worked at Harvard University.