Richmond, New Zealand


Richmond (Māori: Waimea) is a town and the seat of the Tasman District Council in New Zealand. It lies 13 kilometres (8 mi) south of Nelson in the South Island, close to the southern extremity of Tasman Bay / Te Tai-o-Aorere. The town, first settled by Europeans in 1842,[3] was named in 1854 after the town of Richmond on Thames near London. The town has an estimated population of 17,250 as of June 2020.[2]

Richmond

Waimea
Town
Queen Street, the main street of Richmond in New Zealand (as of 2011)
Coordinates: 41°20′S 173°11′E
CountryNew Zealand
RegionTasman
Territorial authorityTasman District
WardRichmond Ward
Founded1854
Government
  MayorTim King
Area
  Total17.37 km2 (6.71 sq mi)
Population
 (June 2020)[2]
  Total17,250
  Density990/km2 (2,600/sq mi)
Postcode(s)
7020
Area code(s)03

Although most of Richmond lies outside the boundaries of Nelson City and the town is considered a separate urban area, Ruchmond is part of the wider Nelson metropolitan area along with nearby Brightwater, Hope, Māpua and Wakefield.[4] The two unitary authorities (Nelson and Tasman) co-operate for tourism-marketing purposes via "Latitude Nelson". As of 2020 Richmond forms part of the Nelson parliamentary electorate.

History


During the period 1853 to 1876, the Richmond urban area was administered as part of Nelson Province. With the Abolition of Provinces Act 1876, Waimea County was created, effective in January 1877. Richmond was included in the Waimea County boundaries, and served as the administrative headquarters of the county.

In 1891, the administrative authority for the urban area of Richmond was transferred from Waimea County to the Richmond Borough Council.[5]

Richmond Borough existed until the 1989 local government reforms, when the Tasman District was formed through the amalgamation of the Richmond Borough, Golden Bay County, Murchison County and Waimea County administrative areas.[6]

Demographics


The Richmond urban area, as defined by Statistics New Zealand, covers 17.37 km2 (6.71 sq mi) and incorporates nine statistical areas. The Daelyn statistical area, covering 1.47 km2 (0.57 sq mi), is the sole area of Richmond within Nelson City; the remaining eight areas are within Tasman District.[1] It had an estimated population of 17,250 as of June 2020,[2] with a population density of 993 people per km2.

Historical population
YearPop.±% p.a.
200612,420    
201313,383+1.07%
201815,279+2.69%
Source: [7]

Richmond had a population of 15,279 at the 2018 New Zealand census, an increase of 1,896 people (14.2%) since the 2013 census, and an increase of 2,859 people (23.0%) since the 2006 census. There were 5,739 households. There were 7,338 males and 7,944 females, giving a sex ratio of 0.92 males per female, with 2,805 people (18.4%) aged under 15 years, 2,442 (16.0%) aged 15 to 29, 6,456 (42.3%) aged 30 to 64, and 3,579 (23.4%) aged 65 or older.

Ethnicities were 93.0% European/Pākehā, 6.9% Māori, 1.2% Pacific peoples, 3.5% Asian, and 1.8% other ethnicities (totals add to more than 100% since people could identify with multiple ethnicities).

The proportion of people born overseas was 16.7%, compared with 27.1% nationally.

Although some people objected to giving their religion, 53.8% had no religion, 35.9% were Christian, 0.3% were Hindu, 0.3% were Muslim, 0.9% were Buddhist and 1.3% had other religions.

Of those at least 15 years old, 2,007 (16.1%) people had a bachelor or higher degree, and 2,664 (21.4%) people had no formal qualifications. The employment status of those at least 15 was that 5,499 (44.1%) people were employed full-time, 1,968 (15.8%) were part-time, and 351 (2.8%) were unemployed.[7]

Individual statistical areas
NamePopulationHouseholdsMedian ageMedian income
Richmond West92432156.4 years$23,900[8]
Richmond Central1,84873238.9 years$26,800[9]
Ben Cooper Park2,35595141.4 years$29,300[10]
Richmond South61821045 years$36,900[11]
Wilkes Park2,30486747.8 years$30,300[12]
Templemore2,00468749.5 years$29,100[13]
Easby Park2,7541,00539.2 years$30,600[14]
Fairose1,62067855.5 years$30,700[15]
Daelyn85228843.9 years$31,700[16]
New Zealand37.4 years$31,800

Economy


Richmond Mall

Richmond Mall opened in 1973.[17] It covers an area of 23,142 m² and has 800 carparks and 70 stores, including Farmers, Pak'nSave and FreshChoice.[18]

Education


General public schools

Waimea College is a co-educational state secondary school for Year 9 to 13 students,[19][20] with a roll of 1544 as of March 2021.[21]

Waimea Intermediate is a co-educational state intermediate school for Year 7 to 8 students,[22][23] with a roll of 617.[24]

There are two state primary schools for Year 1 to 6 students:

In addition, there is a primary school at Appleby

Specialist schools

Salisbury School is a state school for Year 3 to 10 girls with complex learning needs,[30] with a roll of 6.[31] It was established on 1616, on a homestead established by William McRae in 1850.[32]

Te Kura Kaupapa Māori o Tuia Te Matangi is a co-educational state Māori language immersion school for Year 1 to 13 students,[33][34] with a roll of 56.[35]

Roman Catholic schools

Garin College is a co-educational state-integrated Catholic school for Year 9 to 13 students,[36][37] with a roll of 554.[38]

St Paul's School is a co-educational state-integrated Catholic school for Year 1 to 8 students,[39] with a roll of 288.[40]

Gallery


See also


References


  1. "ArcGIS Web Application". statsnz.maps.arcgis.com. Retrieved 25 July 2021.
  2. "Population estimate tables - NZ.Stat". Statistics New Zealand. Retrieved 22 October 2020.
  3. "Early Richmond". Theprow.org.nz. Retrieved 6 November 2018.
  4. "Functional urban areas – methodology and classification | Stats NZ". www.stats.govt.nz. Retrieved 23 June 2021.
  5. Fraser, Bryce; McLauchlan, Gordon (1986). The New Zealand Book of Events. Auckland: Methuen Publishing. ISBN 978-0474001239.
  6. Walrond, Carl (3 August 2015). "Nelson region - Government". Te Ara - the Encyclopedia of New Zealand. New Zealand Ministry for Culture and Heritage. Retrieved 5 November 2018.
  7. "Statistical area 1 dataset for 2018 Census". Statistics New Zealand. March 2020. Richmond West (Tasman District) (302400), Richmond Central (Tasman District) (302800), Ben Cooper Park (302900), Richmond South (Tasman District) (303000), Wilkes Park (303100), Templemore (303200), Easby Park (303300), Fairose (303400) and Daelyn (306100).
  8. 2018 Census place summary: Richmond West (Tasman District)
  9. 2018 Census place summary: Richmond Central (Tasman District)
  10. 2018 Census place summary: Ben Cooper Park
  11. 2018 Census place summary: Richmond South (Tasman District)
  12. 2018 Census place summary: Wilkes Park
  13. 2018 Census place summary: Templemore
  14. 2018 Census place summary: Easby Park
  15. 2018 Census place summary: Fairose
  16. 2018 Census place summary: Daelyn
  17. "Richmond Mall to celebrate 40 years". nelsonweekly.co.nz. Nelson Weekly. 25 September 2013.
  18. "Richmond Mall". tinline.co.nz. Tinline Property.
  19. "Waimea College Official School Website". waimea.school.nz.
  20. "Waimea College Ministry of Education School Profile". educationcounts.govt.nz. Ministry of Education.
  21. "Waimea College Education Review Office Report". ero.govt.nz. Education Review Office.
  22. "Waimea Intermediate Official School Website". waimeaint.school.nz.
  23. "Waimea Intermediate Ministry of Education School Profile". educationcounts.govt.nz. Ministry of Education.
  24. "Waimea Intermediate Education Review Office Report". ero.govt.nz. Education Review Office.
  25. "Richmond School Ministry of Education School Profile". educationcounts.govt.nz. Ministry of Education.
  26. "Richmond School Education Review Office Report". ero.govt.nz. Education Review Office.
  27. "Henley School Official School Website". henley.school.nz.
  28. "Henley School Ministry of Education School Profile". educationcounts.govt.nz. Ministry of Education.
  29. "Henley School Education Review Office Report". ero.govt.nz. Education Review Office.
  30. "Salisbury School Ministry of Education School Profile". educationcounts.govt.nz. Ministry of Education.
  31. "Salisbury School Education Review Office Report". ero.govt.nz. Education Review Office.
  32. "Salisbury School Official School Website". salisbury.school.nz.
  33. "Te Kura Kaupapa Māori o Tuia Te Matangi Official School Website". tuiatematangi.ac.nz.
  34. "Te Kura Kaupapa Māori o Tuia Te Matangi Ministry of Education School Profile". educationcounts.govt.nz. Ministry of Education.
  35. "Te Kura Kaupapa Māori o Tuia Te Matangi Education Review Office Report". ero.govt.nz. Education Review Office.
  36. "Garin College Official School Website". garincollege.ac.nz.
  37. "Garin College Ministry of Education School Profile". educationcounts.govt.nz. Ministry of Education.
  38. "Garin College Education Review Office Report". ero.govt.nz. Education Review Office.
  39. "St Paul's School Ministry of Education School Profile". educationcounts.govt.nz. Ministry of Education.
  40. "St Paul's School Education Review Office Report". ero.govt.nz. Education Review Office.