Riga

Riga (/ˈrɡə/; Latvian: Rīga [ˈriːɡa] (listen), Livonian: Rīgõ) is the capital and largest city of Latvia and is home to 671,000 inhabitants [10][11][12] which is a third of Latvia's population. It is also the largest city in the three Baltic states and is home to one tenth of the three Baltic states' combined population.[13] The city lies on the Gulf of Riga at the mouth of the Daugava river where it meets the Baltic Sea. Riga's territory covers 307.17 km2 (118.60 sq mi) and lies 1–10 m (3.3–32.8 ft) above sea level,[14] on a flat and sandy plain.[14]

Riga
Rīga
Clockwise from top: the Freedom Monument, the Riga City Council building, the House of the Blackheads, Latvian National Opera, and Livonian Square
Riga
Location within Latvia
Riga
Location within the Baltics
Riga
Location within Europe
Coordinates: 56°56′56″N 24°6′23″E
CountryLatvia
Government
  TypeCity Council
  MayorMārtiņš Staķis
Area
  Capital city
State city
304.03 km2 (117.39 sq mi)
  Land253.08 km2 (97.71 sq mi)
  Water50.95 km2 (19.67 sq mi)  15.8%
  Metro
7,292.8 km2 (2,815.8 sq mi)
Population
 (2021)[3]
  Capital city
State city
614,618
  Density2,000/km2 (5,200/sq mi)
  Urban
931,918[4]
  Metro1,070,000
  Metro density146.7/km2 (380/sq mi)
  Demonym
Rīdzinieki
Ethnicity
 (2019)[6]
  Latvians47.1%
  Russians36.4%
  Belarusians3.7%
  Ukrainians3.4%
  Poles1.8%
  Lithuanians0.8%
  Romani0.1%
Time zoneUTC+2 (EET)
  Summer (DST)UTC+3 (EEST)
Calling codes66 and 67
GRP(Metro)2019[7]
 - Total€21.3 billion
($24B)
 - Per capita€20,000
($22390)
HDI (2019)0.933[8]very high
Websitewww.riga.lv
Official nameHistoric Centre of Riga
TypeCultural
Criteriaii, i
Designated1997
Reference no.[9]
UNESCO regionEurope

Riga was founded in 1201 and is a former Hanseatic League member. Riga's historical centre is a UNESCO World Heritage Site, noted for its Art Nouveau/Jugendstil architecture and 19th century wooden architecture.[15] Riga was the European Capital of Culture in 2014, along with Umeå in Sweden. Riga hosted the 2006 NATO Summit, the Eurovision Song Contest 2003, the 2006 IIHF Men's World Ice Hockey Championships, 2013 World Women's Curling Championship and the 2021 IIHF World Championship. It is home to the European Union's office of European Regulators for Electronic Communications (BEREC). In 2017, it was named the European Region of Gastronomy.

In 2016, Riga received over 1.4 million visitors.[16] The city is served by Riga International Airport, the largest and busiest airport in the Baltic states. Riga is a member of Eurocities,[17] the Union of the Baltic Cities (UBC)[18] and Union of Capitals of the European Union (UCEU).[19]


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