Robert Ayres (scientist)

Robert Underwood Ayres (born June 29, 1932) is an American-born physicist and economist. His career has focused on the application of physical ideas, especially the laws of thermodynamics, to economics; a long-standing pioneering interest in material flows and transformations (industrial ecology or industrial metabolism)—a concept which he originated.[2] His most recent work challenges the widely held economic theory of growth.

Robert Underwood Ayres
Born (1932-06-29) June 29, 1932 (age 89)
Alma materUniversity of Chicago
University of Maryland
King's College London
Scientific career
FieldsIndustrial ecology
Environmental economics
InstitutionsHudson Institute
Carnegie-Mellon University
International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis
INSEAD
Chalmers Institute of Technology