Robert Cecil, 1st Viscount Cecil of Chelwood

Edgar Algernon Robert Gascoyne-Cecil, 1st Viscount Cecil of Chelwood, CH, PC, QC (14 September 1864 – 24 November 1958), known as Lord Robert Cecil from 1868 to 1923,[1] was a British lawyer, politician and diplomat. He was one of the architects of the League of Nations and a defender of it, whose service to the organisation saw him awarded the Nobel Peace Prize in 1937.


The Viscount Cecil of Chelwood

Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster
In office
10 November 1924  19 October 1927
MonarchGeorge V
Prime MinisterStanley Baldwin
Preceded byJosiah Wedgwood
Succeeded byThe Lord Cushendum
Lord Keeper of the Privy Seal
In office
28 May 1923  22 January 1924
MonarchGeorge V
Prime MinisterStanley Baldwin
Preceded byAusten Chamberlain
Succeeded byJohn Robert Clynes
Parliamentary Under-Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs
In office
30 May 1915  10 January 1919
MonarchGeorge V
Prime MinisterH. H. Asquith
David Lloyd George
Preceded byNeil Primrose
Succeeded byCecil Harmsworth
Member of the House of Lords
Lord Temporal
In office
28 December 1923  24 November 1958
Hereditary peerage
Member of Parliament
for Hitchin
In office
23 November 1911  6 December 1923
Preceded byAlfred Peter Hillier
Succeeded byGuy Kindersley
Member of Parliament
for Marylebone East
In office
12 January 1906  15 January 1910
Preceded byEdmund Boulnois
Succeeded byJames Boyton
Personal details
Born(1864-09-14)14 September 1864
Cavendish Square, London
Died24 November 1958(1958-11-24) (aged 94)
Danehill, East Sussex
Political partyConservative
Spouse(s)Lady Eleanor Lambton (1868-1959)
EducationEton College
University College, Oxford
ProfessionLawyer
AwardsNobel Peace Prize (1937)