Robert Gascoyne-Cecil, 5th Marquess of Salisbury

Robert Arthur James Gascoyne-Cecil, 5th Marquess of Salisbury, KG, PC, DL, FRS[1] (27 August 1893 – 23 February 1972), known as Viscount Cranborne from 1903 to 1947, was a British Conservative politician.[2][3][4]


The Marquess of Salisbury

The then Viscount Cranborne in 1927
Leader of the House of Lords
In office
28 October 1951  29 March 1957
MonarchGeorge VI
Elizabeth II
Prime MinisterWinston Churchill
Anthony Eden
Harold Macmillan
Preceded byThe Viscount Addison
Succeeded byThe Earl of Home
In office
21 February 1942  26 July 1945
MonarchGeorge VI
Prime MinisterWinston Churchill
Preceded byThe Lord Moyne
Succeeded byThe Viscount Addison
Lord President of the Council
In office
25 November 1952  29 March 1957
MonarchElizabeth II
Prime MinisterWinston Churchill
Anthony Eden
Preceded byThe Lord Woolton
Succeeded byThe Earl of Home
Secretary of State for Commonwealth Relations
In office
12 March 1952  24 November 1952
MonarchElizabeth II
Prime MinisterWinston Churchill
Preceded byThe Baron Ismay
Succeeded byThe Viscount Swinton
Secretary of State for the Colonies
In office
22 February 1942  22 November 1942
MonarchGeorge VI
Prime MinisterWinston Churchill
Preceded byThe Lord Moyne
Succeeded byOliver Stanley
Lord Keeper of the Privy Seal
In office
28 October 1951  7 May 1952
MonarchGeorge VI
Prime MinisterWinston Churchill
Preceded byRichard Stokes
Succeeded byHarry Crookshank
In office
22 November 1942  24 September 1943
MonarchGeorge VI
Prime MinisterWinston Churchill
Preceded byStafford Cripps
Succeeded byThe Lord Beaverbrook
Secretary of State for Dominion Affairs
In office
24 September 1943  26 July 1945
MonarchGeorge VI
Prime MinisterWinston Churchill
Preceded byClement Attlee
Succeeded byThe Viscount Addison
In office
3 October 1940  19 February 1942
MonarchGeorge VI
Prime MinisterWinston Churchill
Preceded byThe Viscount Caldecote
Succeeded byClement Attlee
Paymaster General
In office
15 May 1940  3 October 1940
MonarchGeorge VI
Prime MinisterWinston Churchill
Preceded byThe Earl Winterton
Succeeded byMaurice Hankey
Parliamentary Under-Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs
In office
18 June 1935  20 February 1938
MonarchGeorge V
Edward VIII
George VI
Prime MinisterStanley Baldwin
Neville Chamberlain
Preceded byThe Earl Stanhope
Succeeded byThe Earl Plymouth
Member of the House of Lords
Lord Temporal
In office
4 April 1947  23 February 1972
Hereditary Peerage
Preceded byThe 4th Marquess of Salisbury
Succeeded byThe 6th Marquess of Salisbury
In office
21 January 1941  4 April 1947
as Baron Cecil of Essendon
Preceded byJames Gascoyne-Cecil (by writ of acceleration)
Succeeded byhimself
Member of Parliament
for South Dorset
In office
30 May 1929  21 January 1941
Preceded byRobert Yerburgh
Succeeded byVictor Montagu
Personal details
Born(1893-08-27)27 August 1893
Died23 February 1972(1972-02-23) (aged 78)
NationalityBritish
Political partyConservative
Spouse(s)Elizabeth Cavendish
(1897–1982)
ChildrenRobert Gascoyne-Cecil, 6th Marquess of Salisbury
Michael Charles James Cecil
Richard Hugh Cecil
Alma materChrist Church, Oxford
Coat of arms of Robert Gascoyne-Cecil, 5th Marquess of Salisbury, KG, PC, DL, FRS