Robert Reed, Baron Reed of Allermuir


Robert John Reed, Baron Reed of Allermuir, PC, FRSE (born 7 September 1956) is a Scottish judge and President of the Supreme Court of the United Kingdom. He was the principal judge in the Commercial Court in Scotland before being promoted to the Inner House of the Court of Session in 2008. He is an authority on human rights law in Scotland and elsewhere, and served as one of the UK's ad hoc judges at the European Court of Human Rights. He is also a Non-Permanent Judge of the Court of Final Appeal of Hong Kong.


The Lord Reed of Allermuir

President of the Supreme Court of the United Kingdom
Assumed office
11 January 2020
Nominated byDavid Gauke
MonarchElizabeth II
DeputyLord Hodge
Preceded byThe Baroness Hale of Richmond
Deputy President of the Supreme Court of the United Kingdom
In office
7 June 2018  11 January 2020
Nominated byDavid Gauke
PresidentThe Baroness Hale of Richmond
Preceded byThe Lord Mance
Succeeded byLord Hodge
Justice of the Supreme Court of the United Kingdom
In office
6 February 2012  7 June 2018
Nominated byKenneth Clarke
MonarchElizabeth II
Preceded byLord Rodger of Earlsferry
Senator of the College of Justice
In office
1998–2012
Nominated byTony Blair
MonarchElizabeth II
Personal details
Born
Robert John Reed

(1956-09-07) 7 September 1956 (age 63)
Scotland
Spouse(s)Lady Reed (née Jane Mylne)
EducationGeorge Watson's College
Alma mater

Early life


Reed was educated at the independent George Watson's College in Edinburgh, and studied at the School of Law of the University of Edinburgh, taking a First Class Honours LL.B. and winning a Vans Dunlop Scholarship. He then took a D.Phil. at Balliol College, Oxford, writing a doctoral thesis on "Legal Control of Government Assistance to Industry",[1] and was admitted to the Faculty of Advocates in 1983.[2][3]

Legal career


Reed was Standing Junior Counsel to the Scottish Education Department from 1988 to 1989, and to the Scottish Office Home and Health Department from 1989 to 1995. He was appointed Queen's Counsel in 1995, and Advocate Depute in 1996. He was appointed a Senator of the College of Justice, a judge of the Court of Session and High Court of Justiciary, the country's College of Justice, in 1998, with the judicial title, Lord Reed. He sat initially as a Judge of the Outer House, becoming Principal Commercial Judge in 2006. He has been one of the United Kingdom's ad hoc judges at the European Court of Human Rights,[4] and sat in the Grand Chamber judgements on the appeals of the killers of James Bulger in 1999. Between 2002 and 2004, he was an expert advisor to the EU/Council of Europe Joint Initiative with Turkey. He was promoted to the Inner House (First Division) in 2008, and appointed to the Privy Council.[2][3] He sat on the UK Supreme Court during the illness of Lord Rodger of Earlsferry, along with Lord Clarke,[5] and succeeded Lord Rodger.[6]

He has been Chairman of the Franco-British Judicial Co-operation Committee since 2005, and was President of the EU Forum of Judges for the Environment from 2006–08, now serving as Vice-President. He was a member of the Advisory Board of the British Institute for International and Comparative Law from 2001 to 06, and of the UN Task Force on Access to Justice since 2006. He is Convener of the charity Children in Scotland (since 2006) and Chairman of the University of Edinburgh Centre for Commercial Law (since 2008). He has been an Honorary Professor of Law at Glasgow Caledonian University since 2005, and the School of Law of the University of Glasgow since 2006.[2][3]

On 20 December 2011, it was announced that Reed would replace the late Lord Rodger of Earlsferry as a Justice of the Supreme Court of the United Kingdom.[7] He was sworn in on 6 February 2012.[8]

Lord Reed was Convener of the Children in Scotland Board from February 2006-March 2012.

On 18 January 2017, he was appointed as a Non-Permanent Judge of the Court of Final Appeal of Hong Kong.[9]

Reed was appointed Deputy President of the Supreme Court of the United Kingdom in May 2018, succeeding Lord Mance on his retirement. He was sworn into the new position on 6 June 2018.[10]

On 25 January 2019 he was made an Honorary Fellow of The Academy of Experts in recognition of his contribution and work for Expert Witnesses.

On 24 July 2019, the last day of Theresa May in office, the Queen appointed him to serve as President of the Supreme Court of the United Kingdom and declared her intention to raise him to the peerage. He succeeded Baroness Hale of Richmond on 11 January 2020 following her retirement[11] and on the same day was created Baron Reed of Allermuir, of Sundridge Park in the London Borough of Bromley.[12] He was sworn in as president on 13 January and introduced to the House of Lords on 16 January.

Honours and awards


In 2015 Reed was elected a Fellow of the Royal Society of Edinburgh.[13] Lord Reed is High Steward of the University of Oxford and Visitor of Balliol College, Oxford.

Personal life


He married Jane Mylne, Lady Reed in 1988, with whom he has two daughters. He succeeded Lord Rodger of Earlsferry as the Visitor of Balliol College, Oxford.

See also


References


  1. Reed, Robert. "Legal Control of Government Assistance to Industry". Retrieved 23 September 2012.
  2. "Biographies – The Right Hon Lord Reed". Scottish Court Service. Retrieved 20 August 2009.
  3. "Privy Council Appointment of Lord Reed". 10 Downing Street. 28 January 2008. Archived from the original on 5 August 2009. Retrieved 20 August 2009.
  4. "Ad hoc judges of the European Court of Human Rights" (PDF). European Court of Human Rights. February 2011. Retrieved 19 February 2011.
  5. "Supreme Court turns to the subs' bench". The Scotsman. 27 June 2011.
  6. "Selection commission established". Supreme Court of the United Kingdom. 25 July 2011. Retrieved 31 July 2011.[permanent dead link]
  7. Number 10 – Supreme Court Appointments, 20 December 2011
  8. "Jonathan Sumption QC to be sworn in as Supreme Court Justice" (PDF). Supreme Court of the United Kingdom. 10 January 2012. Retrieved 10 January 2012. The Supreme Court today also announces that Lord Reed, whose appointment was announced on 20 December 2011, will be sworn-in as a Justice on 6 February 2012.
  9. "Appointment of non-permanent judges from other common law jurisdictions of the Court of Final Appeal". Government of Hong Kong. 18 January 2017. Retrieved 16 November 2017.
  10. "Lord Reed named Deputy President of the Supreme Court". www.supremecourt.uk. The Supreme Court. 29 May 2018. Retrieved 29 May 2018.
  11. "Appointments to the Supreme Court: 24 July 2019". www.gov.uk. HM Government. 24 July 2019. Retrieved 24 July 2019.
  12. "Crown Office". The London Gazette. Retrieved 15 January 2020.
  13. "Lord Robert John Reed FRSE - The Royal Society of Edinburgh". The Royal Society of Edinburgh. Retrieved 12 February 2018.
Legal offices
Preceded by
The Lord Mance
Deputy President of the Supreme Court of the United Kingdom
2018–2020
Succeeded by
Lord Hodge
Preceded by
The Baroness Hale of Richmond
President of the Supreme Court of the United Kingdom
2020–present
Incumbent
Order of precedence in England and Wales
Preceded by
The Lord Fowler
as Lord Speaker
Gentlemen
as President of the Supreme Court
Succeeded by
The Lord Burnett of Maldon
as Lord Chief Justice