Robert Reed, Baron Reed of Allermuir


Robert John Reed, Baron Reed of Allermuir, PC, FRSE (born 7 September 1956) is a Scottish judge who has been President of the Supreme Court of the United Kingdom since January 2020. He was the principal judge in the Commercial Court in Scotland before being promoted to the Inner House of the Court of Session in 2008. He is an authority on human rights law in Scotland and elsewhere; he served as one of the UK's ad hoc judges at the European Court of Human Rights. He is also a Non-Permanent Judge of the Court of Final Appeal of Hong Kong.


Lord Reed of Allermuir

President of the Supreme Court of the United Kingdom
Assumed office
13 January 2020
Nominated byDavid Gauke
Appointed byElizabeth II
DeputyLord Hodge
Preceded byThe Baroness Hale of Richmond
Deputy President of the Supreme Court of the United Kingdom
In office
7 June 2018  13 January 2020
Nominated byDavid Gauke
PresidentThe Baroness Hale of Richmond
Preceded byThe Lord Mance
Succeeded byLord Hodge
Justice of the Supreme Court of the United Kingdom
In office
6 February 2012  7 June 2018
Nominated byKenneth Clarke
MonarchElizabeth II
Preceded byThe Lord Rodger of Earlsferry
Senator of the College of Justice
In office
1998–2012
Nominated byTony Blair
MonarchElizabeth II
Member of the House of Lords
Lord Temporal
Assumed office
16 January 2020
(Judicial Peer currently disqualified from sitting in the House)
Life Peerage
Non-Permanent Judge of the Court of Final Appeal of Hong Kong
Assumed office
31 May 2017
Appointed byLeung Chun-ying
Personal details
Born
Robert John Reed

(1956-09-07) 7 September 1956 (age 64)
Scotland
Spouse(s)Lady Reed (née Jane Mylne)
EducationGeorge Watson's College
Alma mater
Chinese name
Chinese

Early life


Reed was educated at George Watson's College in Edinburgh (where he was dux), and studied at the School of Law of the University of Edinburgh, taking a first class honours LLB and winning a Vans Dunlop Scholarship. He then took a DPhil at Balliol College, Oxford, with a doctoral thesis on "Legal Control of Government Assistance to Industry",[1] and was admitted to the Faculty of Advocates in 1983.[2][3]

Legal career


Reed was Standing Junior Counsel to the Scottish Education Department from 1988 to 1989, and to the Scottish Office Home and Health Department from 1989 to 1995. He was appointed Queen's Counsel in 1995, and Advocate Depute in 1996. He was appointed a Senator of the College of Justice, a judge of the Court of Session and High Court of Justiciary, the country's College of Justice, in 1998, with the judicial title, Lord Reed. He sat initially as a Judge of the Outer House, becoming Principal Commercial Judge in 2006. He has been one of the United Kingdom's ad hoc judges at the European Court of Human Rights,[4] and sat in the Grand Chamber judgements on the appeals of the killers of James Bulger in 1999. Between 2002 and 2004, he was an expert advisor to the EU/Council of Europe Joint Initiative with Turkey. He was promoted to the Inner House (First Division) in 2008, and appointed to the Privy Council.[2][3] He sat on the UK Supreme Court during the illness of Lord Rodger of Earlsferry, along with Lord Clarke,[5] and succeeded Lord Rodger.[6]

He has been Chairman of the Franco-British Judicial Co-operation Committee since 2005, and was President of the EU Forum of Judges for the Environment from 2006–08, now serving as Vice-President. He was a member of the Advisory Board of the British Institute for International and Comparative Law from 2001 to 06, and of the UN Task Force on Access to Justice since 2006. He is Convener of the charity Children in Scotland (since 2006) and Chairman of the University of Edinburgh Centre for Commercial Law (since 2008). He has been an Honorary Professor of Law at Glasgow Caledonian University since 2005, and the School of Law of the University of Glasgow since 2006.[2][3]

On 20 December 2011, it was announced that Reed would replace the late Lord Rodger of Earlsferry as a Justice of the Supreme Court of the United Kingdom.[7] He was sworn in on 6 February 2012.[8]

Lord Reed was Convener of the Children in Scotland Board from February 2006-March 2012.

On 31 May 2017, he assumed office as a Non-Permanent Judge of the Court of Final Appeal of Hong Kong.[9]

Reed was appointed Deputy President of the Supreme Court of the United Kingdom in May 2018, succeeding Lord Mance on his retirement. He was sworn into the new position on 6 June 2018.[10]

On 25 January 2019 he was made an Honorary Fellow of The Academy of Experts in recognition of his contribution and work for Expert Witnesses.

On 24 July 2019, the Queen declared her intention to appoint him President of the Supreme Court of the United Kingdom and to raise him to the peerage. He succeeded Baroness Hale of Richmond as President on 11 January 2020 on her retirement[11] and on the same day was created Baron Reed of Allermuir, of Sundridge Park in the London Borough of Bromley.[12] He was sworn in as president on 13 January and introduced to the House of Lords on 16 January.

Notable judgments


Lord Reed's judgments are characterised by an in-depth analysis of the common law.[13] He has handed down judgements on various important topics of the law:

  • AXA General Insurance Ltd v Lord Advocate [2011] UKSC 46:[14] On the limits on the Scottish Parliament’s powers
  • Osborn v The Parole Board [2013] UKSC 61, [2013] 3 WLR 1020:[15] On common law duty of procedural fairness
  • Bank Mellat v Her Majesty’s Treasury (No. 2) [2013] UKSC 39, [2014] 1 AC 700[16] (Dissenting)
  • AIB Group (UK) plc v Mark Redler & Co Solicitors [2014] UKSC 58, [2014] 3 WLR 1367:[17] On the causation requirement for a breach of trust
  • R (Bourgass) v Secretary of State for Justice [2015] UKSC 54, [2016] AC 384[18]
  • Hesham Ali (Iraq) v Home Secretary [2016] UKSC 60, [2016] 1 WLR 4799[19]
  • R (Miller) v Secretary of State for Exiting the European Union [2017] UKSC 5, [2018] AC 61[20] (Dissenting): Lord Reed wrote the leading dissenting judgment in the Article 50 litigation, holding that the Government could initiate the UK’s withdrawal from the European Union without reference to Parliament
  • Investment Trust Companies v Revenue and Customs Commissioners [2017] UKSC 29; [2018] AC 275[21]
  • R (UNISON) v Lord Chancellor [2017] UKSC 51, [2017] 3 WLR 409:[22] Declaring employment tribunal fees set by Lord Chancellor unlawful
  • Robinson v Chief Constable of West Yorkshire Police [2018] UKSC 4, [2018] AC 736:[23] the duty of care owed by police officers under the common law
  • Morris-Garner & Anor v One Step (Support) Ltd [2018] UKSC 20, [2019] AC 649:[24] On the availability of negotiating damages for breach of contract
  • Jonathan Lu & Others v Paul Chan Mo-Po & Another [2018] HKCFA 11, (2018) 21 HKCFAR 94:[25] On the concept of malice in the common law of defamation in the context of qualified privilege
  • R (Miller) v Prime Minister [2019] UKSC 41, [2020] AC 373:[26] Declaring the prorogation of Prime Minister Boris Johnson as unlawful (joint judgment with Lady Hale)
  • WM Morrison Supermarkets plc v Various Claimants [2020] UKSC 12, [2020] 2 WLR 941:[27] On vicarious liability
  • Sevilleja v Marex Financial Ltd [2020] UKSC 31, [2021] AC 39:[28] on the rule against reflective loss
  • R (Begum) v Special Immigration Appeals Commission & Anor [2021] UKSC 7, [2021] 2 WLR 556:[29] On whether Shamima Begum should be returned to the United Kingdom to challenge the Home Secretary's decision to deprive her nationality

Honours and awards


In 2015 Reed was elected a Fellow of the Royal Society of Edinburgh.[30] Lord Reed is High Steward of the University of Oxford and succeeded Lord Rodger as Visitor of Balliol College, Oxford.

Personal life


He married Jane Mylne, Lady Reed in 1988, with whom he has two daughters.

See also


References


  1. Reed, Robert. "Legal Control of Government Assistance to Industry". Retrieved 23 September 2012.
  2. "Biographies – The Right Hon Lord Reed". Scottish Court Service. Retrieved 20 August 2009.
  3. "Privy Council Appointment of Lord Reed". 10 Downing Street. 28 January 2008. Archived from the original on 5 August 2009. Retrieved 20 August 2009.
  4. "Ad hoc judges of the European Court of Human Rights" (PDF). European Court of Human Rights. February 2011. Retrieved 19 February 2011.
  5. "Supreme Court turns to the subs' bench". The Scotsman. 27 June 2011.
  6. "Selection commission established". Supreme Court of the United Kingdom. 25 July 2011. Retrieved 31 July 2011.[permanent dead link]
  7. Number 10 – Supreme Court Appointments, 20 December 2011
  8. "Jonathan Sumption QC to be sworn in as Supreme Court Justice" (PDF). Supreme Court of the United Kingdom. 10 January 2012. Retrieved 10 January 2012. The Supreme Court today also announces that Lord Reed, whose appointment was announced on 20 December 2011, will be sworn-in as a Justice on 6 February 2012.
  9. "Appointment of judges from other common law jurisdictions of the Court of Final Appeal" (PDF). Government of Hong Kong. 2 June 2017. Retrieved 6 October 2020.
  10. "Lord Reed named Deputy President of the Supreme Court". www.supremecourt.uk. The Supreme Court. 29 May 2018. Retrieved 29 May 2018.
  11. "Appointments to the Supreme Court: 24 July 2019". www.gov.uk. HM Government. 24 July 2019. Retrieved 24 July 2019.
  12. "Crown Office". The London Gazette. Retrieved 15 January 2020.
  13. "Lord Reed to be next president of UK's supreme court". www.guardian.uk. The Guardian. 24 March 2021. Retrieved 24 March 2021.
  14. "AXA General Insurance Ltd & Ors v Lord Advocate & Ors (Scotland) [2011] UKSC 46 (12 October 2011)".
  15. "Osborn v The Parole Board [2013] UKSC 61 (9 October 2013)". www.bailii.org.
  16. "Bank Mellat v Her Majesty's Treasury (No. 2) [2013] UKSC 39 (19 June 2013)". www.bailii.org.
  17. "AIB Group (UK) Plc v Mark Redler & Co Solicitors [2014] UKSC 58 (05 November 2014)". www.bailii.org.
  18. "Bourgass & Anor, R (on the application of) v Secretary of State for Justice (Rev 2) [2015] UKSC 54 (29 July 2015)". www.bailii.org.
  19. "Hesham Ali (Iraq) v Secretary of State for the Home Department [2016] UKSC 60 (16 November 2016)". www.bailii.org.
  20. "Miller & Anor, R (on the application of) v Secretary of State for Exiting the European Union (Rev 3) [2017] UKSC 5 (24 January 2017)". www.bailii.org.
  21. "Revenue and Customs v The Investment Trust Companies [2017] UKSC 29 (11 April 2017)". www.bailii.org.
  22. "UNISON, R (on the application of) v Lord Chancellor [2017] UKSC 51 (26 July 2017)". www.bailii.org.
  23. "Robinson v Chief Constable of West Yorkshire Police (Rev 1) [2018] UKSC 4 (8 February 2018)". www.bailii.org.
  24. "Morris-Garner & Anor v One Step (Support) Ltd [2018] UKSC 20 (18 April 2018)". www.bailii.org.
  25. "FACV13/2017 JONATHAN LU AND OTHERS v. PAUL CHAN MO-PO AND ANOTHER". legalref.judiciary.hk.
  26. "Miller, R (on the application of) v The Prime Minister [2019] UKSC 41 (24 September 2019)". www.bailii.org.
  27. "WM Morrison Supermarkets plc v Various Claimants [2020] UKSC 12 (01 April 2020)". www.bailii.org.
  28. "Sevilleja v Marex Financial Ltd (Rev 1) [2020] UKSC 31 (15 July 2020)". www.bailii.org.
  29. "Begum, R. (on the application of) v Special Immigration Appeals Commission & Anor [2021] UKSC 7 (26 February 2021)". www.bailii.org.
  30. "Lord Robert John Reed FRSE - The Royal Society of Edinburgh". The Royal Society of Edinburgh. Retrieved 12 February 2018.
Legal offices
Preceded by
The Lord Mance
Deputy President of the Supreme Court of the United Kingdom
2018–2020
Succeeded by
Lord Hodge
Preceded by
The Baroness Hale of Richmond
President of the Supreme Court of the United Kingdom
2020–present
Incumbent
Preceded by
None
Non-Permanent Judge of the Court of Final Appeal of Hong Kong
2017–present
Incumbent
Order of precedence in England and Wales
Preceded by
The Lord McFall of Alcluith
as Lord Speaker
Gentlemen
as President of the Supreme Court
Succeeded by
The Lord Burnett of Maldon
as Lord Chief Justice