Rodrigo Duterte

Rodrigo Roa Duterte KGCR (English: /dəˈtɜːrt/, Tagalog: [roˈdɾɪgo ˈɾowa dʊˈtɛɾtɛ] (listen); born March 28, 1945), also known as Digong, Rody,[6] and by the initials DU30 and PRRD,[7][8] is a Filipino lawyer and politician who served as the 16th president of the Philippines from 2016 to 2022. He is the chairperson of PDP–Laban, the ruling political party in the Philippines during his presidency. Duterte is the first president of the Philippines to be from Mindanao,[9][10] and is the oldest person to assume office, beginning his term at age 71.[11]

Rodrigo Duterte
Duterte in 2016
16th President of the Philippines
In office
June 30, 2016  June 30, 2022
Vice PresidentLeni Robredo
Preceded byBenigno Aquino III
Succeeded byBongbong Marcos
Mayor of Davao City
In office
June 30, 2013  June 30, 2016
Vice MayorPaolo Duterte
Preceded bySara Duterte
Succeeded bySara Duterte
In office
June 30, 2001  June 30, 2010
Vice MayorLuis Bonguyan (2001-2007)
Sara Duterte (2007-2010)
Preceded byBenjamin de Guzman
Succeeded bySara Duterte
In office
February 2, 1988  June 30, 1998
Vice MayorDominador Zuño (acting)
Luis Bonguyan
Benjamin de Guzman
Preceded byJacinto Rubillar
Succeeded byBenjamin de Guzman
Vice Mayor of Davao City
In office
June 30, 2010  June 30, 2013
MayorSara Duterte
Preceded bySara Duterte
Succeeded byPaolo Duterte
In office
May 2, 1986  November 27, 1987[lower-alpha 1]
MayorZafiro Respicio
Preceded byCornelio Maskariño
Succeeded byGilbert Abellera
Member of the
Philippine House of Representatives
from Davao City's 1st congressional district
In office
June 30, 1998  June 30, 2001
Preceded byProspero Nograles
Succeeded byProspero Nograles
National Chairman of PDP–Laban
Assumed office
February 7, 2016
Party presidentKoko Pimentel (2016–2020)
Manny Pacquiao (2020–2021)
Alfonso Cusi (2021–2022)
Jose Alvarez (2022-)
Preceded byIsmael Sueno
Chairman of the Liberal Party in Davao City
In office
2009  February 21, 2015
LeaderBenigno Aquino III
Preceded byPeter T. Laviña
Personal details
Born
Rodrigo Roa Duterte

(1945-03-28) March 28, 1945 (age 77)
Maasin, Leyte, Philippine Commonwealth, U.S.
Political partyPDP–Laban
(2001–2009; 2015present)[lower-alpha 2][1][2]
Other political
affiliations
Kabataang Makabayan[3] (1970s)
Lakas ng Dabaw (1988)[4]
Nacionalista (1990–1998)[5]
LAMMP (1998–2001)
Liberal (2009–2015)[1][2]
Hugpong sa Tawong Lungsod (local party; since 2011)
Coalition for Change (since 2016)
Spouse
(m. 1973; annulled 2000)
Domestic partnerHoneylet Avanceña
Children
Paolo
Sara
Sebastian
Veronica
Parent(s)Vicente Duterte
Soledad Roa
ResidenceDavao City
EducationHoly Cross College of Digos (secondary)
Alma mater
Signature

Born in Maasin, Leyte (now in Southern Leyte), Duterte moved to Davao as a child where his father, Vicente Duterte, served as provincial governor. He studied political science at the Lyceum of the Philippines University, graduating in 1968, before obtaining a law degree from San Beda College of Law in 1972. He then worked as a lawyer and was a prosecutor for Davao City, before becoming vice mayor and, subsequently, mayor of the city in the wake of the 1986 People Power Revolution. Duterte won seven terms and served as mayor of Davao for over 22 years, during which he transformed the once crime-ridden city to a peaceful and investor-friendly city.[12][13]

Duterte's 2016 presidential campaign led to his election victory. During his presidency, his domestic policy focused on combating the illegal drug trade by initiating the controversial war on drugs, fighting crime and corruption,[14][15][16] and intensified efforts against terrorism and communist insurgency. He launched a massive infrastructure plan,[17][18] initiated liberal economic reforms,[19] streamlined government processes,[20] and proposed a shift to a federal system of government which was ultimately unsuccessful.[21] He also oversaw the controversial burial of Ferdinand Marcos,[22][23] the 2017 Battle of Marawi,[24] and the government's response to the COVID-19 pandemic.[25] He declared the intention to pursue an "independent foreign policy", and strengthened relations with China and Russia.[26] He initially announced his candidacy for vice president in the 2022 election, but in October 2021, said he was retiring from politics; the next month, he filed his candidacy for senator but withdrew it on December 14.[27]

Duterte's political positions have been described as populist,[28][29][30] as well as nationalist.[31][32][33] His political success has been aided by his vocal support for the extrajudicial killing of drug users and other criminals.[34] His career has sparked numerous protests and attracted controversy, particularly over human rights issues and his controversial comments. Duterte has repeatedly confirmed to have personally killed criminal suspects during his term as mayor of Davao.[35][36] Extrajudicial killings that were allegedly committed by the Davao Death Squad between 1998 and 2016 during Duterte's mayoralty have also been scrutinized by human-rights groups and the Office of the Ombudsman;[37][38] the victims were mainly alleged drug users, alleged petty criminals, and street children.[39][40] The International Criminal Court opened a preliminary investigation into Duterte's drug war in 2018,[41] prompting Duterte to withdraw the Philippines from the body in response.[42] He is the only president in the history of the Philippines not to declare his assets and liabilities.[43] Duterte's popularity and domestic approval rating remained relatively high throughout his presidency and by the end of his term, he was the most popular post-EDSA president.[44][45][46]


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