Rodrigues (French: Île Rodrigues [il ʁɔdʁiɡ]; Creole: Rodrig) is a 108 km2 (42 sq mi) autonomous outer island of the Republic of Mauritius in the Indian Ocean, about 560 km (350 mi) east of Mauritius. It is part of the Mascarene Islands, which include Mauritius and Réunion. Rodrigues is of volcanic origin and is surrounded by coral reef, and some tiny uninhabited islands lie just off its coast. The island used to be the tenth District of Mauritius; it gained autonomous status on 10 December 2002, and it is governed by the Rodrigues Regional Assembly. The capital of the island is Port Mathurin.
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Autonomous outer island
"Travail, Solidarité, Fierté" (French)
"Labour, Solidarity, Pride"
|• Body||Regional Assembly|
|• Chief Commissioner||Serge Clair|
|• Chief Executive||Davis Hee Hong Wye|
|• Minister for Rodrigues||Pravind Jugnauth|
|• Total||108 km2 (42 sq mi)|
| • Estimate |
|• Density||386/km2 (1,000/sq mi)|
|• Vernacular languages|
|Time zone||UTC+4 (MUT)|
|Currency||Mauritian rupee (MUR)|
|Date format||dd/mm/yyyy (AD)|
Its inhabitants are Mauritian citizens. As of 2014[update], the island's population was about 41,669, according to Statistics Mauritius. Most of the inhabitants are of African descent. Its economy is based mainly on fishing, farming, handicraft and a developing tourism sector.
The island (together with Agaléga and Saint Brandon) forms part of the larger territory of the Republic of Mauritius with the President as head of state and the Chief Commissioner as head of government.