Roman army

The Roman army (Latin: exercitus Romanus) was the armed forces deployed by the Romans throughout the duration of Ancient Rome, from the Roman Kingdom (to c. 500 BC) to the Roman Republic (500–31 BC) and the Roman Empire (31 BC–395 AD), and its medieval continuation, the Eastern Roman Empire (historiographically known as the Byzantine Empire). It is thus a term that may span approximately 2,205 years (753 BC–1453 AD), during which the Roman armed forces underwent numerous permutations in composition, organisation, equipment and tactics, while conserving a core of lasting traditions.[1][2][3]

Exercitus Romanus
Vexillum with the imperial aquila
Active753 BC – 1453 AD
CountryRoman Empire, Roman Republic
BranchRomanum Legio
Size28–50 legions
HeadquartersAquincum
Bonn
Lauriacum
Isca Augusta
Alexandria
Singara
Regensburg
Novae
Busra
Motto(s)'Gloria Exercitus'
EngagementsRoman–Gallic wars
Samnite Wars
Pyrrhic War
Punic War
Macedonian Wars
Jugurthine War
Mithridatic War
Gallic Wars
Roman civil wars
Roman invasion of Britain
Roman–Germanic wars
Domitian's Dacian War
Trajan's Dacian Wars
Roman–Parthian War of 58–63
Jewish–Roman wars
The Great Illyrian Revolt
Commanders
Magister militum, Strategos, StratelatesCaesar
Notable commandersMarcus Furius Camillus
Scipio Africanus
Gaius Marius
Julius Caesar
Germanicus
Flavius Stilicho
Flavius Belisarius
Coin showing (obverse) head of the late Roman emperor Julian (ruled 361–363 AD) wearing diadem and (reverse) soldier bearing standard holding kneeling barbarian captive by the hair, legend and Myth VIRTUS EXERCITUS ROMANORUM ("Valour of Roman army"). Gold solidus. Sirmium mint.

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