Roman Kingdom

The Roman Kingdom (also referred to as the Roman monarchy, or the regal period of ancient Rome) was the earliest period of Roman history when the city and its territory were ruled by kings. According to oral accounts, the Roman Kingdom began with the city's founding c. 753 BC, with settlements around the Palatine Hill along the river Tiber in central Italy, and ended with the overthrow of the kings and the establishment of the Republic c. 509 BC.

Roman Kingdom
Regnum Romanum  (Latin)
753 BC–509 BC
The ancient quarters of Rome
Common languagesOld Latin
Roman religion
GovernmentElective monarchy
 753–716 BC
 715–672 BC
Numa Pompilius
 672–640 BC
Tullus Hostilius
 640–616 BC
Ancus Marcius
 616–578 BC
L. Tarquinius Priscus
 578–534 BC
Servius Tullius
 534–509 BC
L. Tarquinius Superbus
Historical eraIron Age
753 BC
509 BC
Preceded by
Succeeded by
Alba Longa
Etruscan civilization
Roman Republic
Today part of

Little is certain about the kingdom's history as no records and few inscriptions from the time of the kings survive. The accounts of this period written during the Republic and the Empire are thought largely to be based on oral tradition.

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