Romanian Academy


The Romanian Academy (Romanian: Academia Română [akadeˈmi.a roˈmɨnə]) is a cultural forum founded in Bucharest, Romania, in 1866. It covers the scientific, artistic and literary domains. The academy has 181 acting members who are elected for life.

Academia Română
Founded 1 April 1866
Address Calea Victoriei, 125, Sector 1
Bucharest, Romania
President Ioan-Aurel Pop
Vice-presidents Alexandru Surdu
Bogdan Simionescu
Victor Spinei
General Secretary Victor Voicu
Website academiaromana.ro

According to its bylaws, the academy's main goals are the cultivation of Romanian language and Romanian literature, the study of the national history of Romania and research into major scientific domains. Some of the academy's fundamental projects are the Romanian language dictionary (Dicționarul explicativ al limbii române), the dictionary of Romanian literature, and the treatise on the history of the Romanian people.

History


On the initiative of C.A. Rosetti, the Academy was founded on April 1, 1866, as Societatea Literară Română. The founding members were illustrious members of the Romanian society of the age.

The name changed to Societatea Academică Romînă in 1867, and finally to Academia Română in 1879, during the reign of Carol I.

The founding members of the Academy:

NumberNameBornProvinceAge at foundingDiedMember forNotes
1Vasile Alecsandri21 July 1821Moldavia44 years, 254 days22 August 189024 years, 143 days
2Vincențiu Babeș21 January 1821Banat45 years, 70 days22 January 190740 years, 296 days
3George Barițiu4 June 1812Transylvania53 years, 301 days2 May 189327 years, 31 days
4Ioan D. Caragiani11 February 1841Macedonia25 years, 49 days13 January 192154 years, 287 daysAromanian
5Timotei Cipariu21 February 1805Transylvania61 years, 39 days3 September 188721 years, 155 days
6Dimitrie Cozacovici1790Macedonia76 years, 90 days[1]31 August 18682 years, 152 daysUnknown date of birth
Aromanian
7Ambrosiu Dimitrovici20 July 1838Bucovina27 years, 255 days3 July 186693 days
8Ștefan Gonata1 February 1838Basarabia28 years, 59 days18 September 189630 years, 170 days
9Alexandru Hâjdeu30 November 1811Basarabia54 years, 122 days9 November 18726 years, 222 days
10Ion Heliade Rădulescu6 January 1802Țara Românească64 years, 85 days27 April 18726 years, 26 daysFirst President of the Academy
11Iosif Hodoș20 October 1829Transylvania36 years, 163 days28 November 188014 years, 241 days
12Alexandru Hurmuzaki16 August 1823Bucovina42 years, 228 days8 March 18714 years, 341 days
13Nicolae Ionescu1820Moldavia46 years, 90 days[1]24 January 190538 years, 298 days
14August Treboniu Laurian17 July 1810Transylvania55 years, 258 days25 February 188114 years, 330 days
15Titu Maiorescu15 February 1840Țara Românească26 years, 45 days18 June 191751 years, 78 days
16I. C. Massim1825Țara Românească41 years, 90 days[1]187710 years, 275 daysNo known date of birth/death
17Andrei Mocioni27 June 1812Banat53 years, 278 days23 April 188014 years, 22 days
18Gavriil MunteanuFebruary 1812Transylvania54 years, 59 days17 December 18693 years, 260 days
19Costache Negruzzi1808Moldavia58 years, 90 days24 August 18682 years, 145 days
20Alexandru Roman26 November 1826Transylvania39 years, 126 days15 September 189731 years, 167 days
21C. A. Rosetti2 June 1816Țara Românească49 years, 303 days8 April 188519 years, 7 days
22Ion G. Sbiera1 November 1835Bucovina30 years, 151 days22 October 191650 years, 204 days
23Constantin Stamati1786Basarabia80 years, 90 days12 September 18693 years, 164 days
24Ioan Străjescu1833Basarabia33 years, 90 days18736 years, 275 daysNo known date of birth/death
25Vasile Urechea-Alexandrescu15 February 1834Moldavia32 years, 45 days21 November 190135 years, 234 days

The Presidents of the Academy:

NumberNameTerm beganTerm endedNotes
1Ion Heliade Rădulescu18671870
2August Treboniu Laurian18701872first term
3Nicolae Crețulescu18721873first term
4August Treboniu Laurian18731876second term
5Ion Ghica18761882first term
6Dimitrie A. Sturdza18821884
7Ion Ghica18841887second term
8Mihail Kogălniceanu18871890
9Ion Ghica18901893third term
10George Bariț5 April 18932 May 1893died in office
11Iacob C. Negruzzi18931894first term
12Ion Ghica18941895fourth term
13Nicolae Crețulescu18951898second term
14Petru Poni18981901first term
15Petre S. Aurelian19011904
16Ioan Kalinderu19041907
17Anghel Saligny19071910
18Iacob C. Negruzzi19101913second term
19Constantin I. Istrati19131916
20Petru Poni19161920second term
21Dimitrie Onciul19201923
22Iacob C. Negruzzi19231926third term
23Emil Racoviță19261929
24Ioan Bianu19291932
25Ludovic Mrazek19321935
26Alexandru Lapedatu19351938
27Constantin Rădulescu-Motru19381941
28Ion Th. Simionescu19411944
29Dimitrie Gusti19441946
30Andrei Rădulescu194612 August 1948
31Traian Săvulescu12 August 194823 December 1959
32Athanase Joja19591963
33Ilie G. Murgulescu19631966
34Miron Nicolescu8 April 196630 June 1975died in office
 Șerban Țițeica19751976acting
35Theodor Burghele19763 June 1977died in office
 Cristofor Simionescu3 June 197719 March 1980acting
36Gheorghe Mihoc19 March 198025 December 1981died in office
 Ioan Anton25 December 198113 November 1984acting
37Radu Voinea13 November 19842 February 1990
38Mihai Drăgănescu2 February 199018 January 1994
39Virgiliu N. G. Constantinescu19941998
40Eugen Simion16 January 199820 April 2006
41Ionel Haiduc20 April 20068 April 2014
42Ionel Valentin Vlad8 April 201424 December 2017died in office
 Cristian Hera5 January 20185 April 2018acting
43Ioan-Aurel Pop5 April 2018present

Library


The Romanian Academy Library building

Established in 1867, the Bibilioteca Academiei Române has a collection of over seven million books and collections of drawings, engravings, maps, and coins.[2] The Academy also operates its own publishing house.[2]

Reception


In 2014, antisemitism expert Michael Shafir stated that the academy "is packed with Holocaust deniers and trivializers".[3]

See also


References