Romanization of Hispania

The Romanization of Hispania is the process by which Roman or Latin culture was introduced into the Iberian Peninsula during the period of Roman rule.

Glass jar, at the Museum of Valladolid. The Romans were pioneers in the technique of glass blowing.

Throughout the centuries of Roman rule over the provinces of Hispania, Roman customs, religion, laws and the general Roman lifestyle, gained much favour in the indigenous population, which was compounded by a substantial minority of Roman immigrants, which eventually formed a distinct Hispano-Roman culture. Several factors aided the process of Romanization:

  • Creation of civil infrastructure, including road networks and urban sanitation.
  • Commercial interaction within regions and the wider Roman world.
  • Foundation of colonia; settling Roman military veterans in newly created towns and cities.
  • The spread of the hierarchical Roman administrative system throughout the Hispanic provinces.
  • Growth of Roman aristocratic land holdings (latifundia).
Map showing the "Roman coloniae" in Hispania, indicating that southern Spain (where were born the famous emperors Trajan, Hadrian and possibly Theodosius the Great) had the highest concentration of Italian/Roman colonists after central Italy

According to historian Theodore Mommsen, in the late fourth century (before the barbarian invasions), the Romanization of the Iberian peninsula was "practically at 100%"[1][page needed] despite the Basque people survived to it.