Rome

Rome (Italian and Latin: Roma [ˈroːma] (listen)) is the capital city of Italy. It is also the capital of the Lazio region, the centre of the Metropolitan City of Rome, and a special comune named Comune di Roma Capitale. With 2,860,009 residents in 1,285 km2 (496.1 sq mi),[1] Rome is the country's most populated comune and the third most populous city in the European Union by population within city limits. The Metropolitan City of Rome, with a population of 4,355,725 residents, is the most populous metropolitan city in Italy.[2] Its metropolitan area is the third-most populous within Italy.[3] Rome is located in the central-western portion of the Italian Peninsula, within Lazio (Latium), along the shores of the Tiber. Vatican City (the smallest country in the world)[4] is an independent country inside the city boundaries of Rome, the only existing example of a country within a city. Rome is often referred to as the City of Seven Hills due to its geographic location, and also as the "Eternal City".[5] Rome is generally considered to be the "cradle of Western Christian culture and civilization", and the center of the Catholic Church.[6][7][8]

Rome
Roma  (Italian)
Roma Capitale
Roma
Clicking on an image in the collage causes the browser to load the appropriate article. Clockwise from top: the Colosseum, St. Peter's Basilica, Castel Sant'Angelo, Ponte Sant'Angelo, Trevi Fountain and the Pantheon
Etymology: Possibly Etruscan: Rumon, lit.'river' (See Etymology).
Nickname(s): 
Urbs Aeterna  (Latin)
The Eternal City

Caput Mundi  (Latin)
The Capital of the world

Throne of St. Peter
The territory of the comune (Roma Capitale, in red) inside the Metropolitan City of Rome (Città Metropolitana di Roma, in yellow). The white spot in the centre is Vatican City.
Rome
Location within Italy
Rome
Location within Europe
Coordinates: 41°53′36″N 12°28′58″E
Country Italy[lower-alpha 1]
Region Lazio
Metropolitan city Rome Capital
Founded753 BC
Founded byKing Romulus
Government
  TypeStrong Mayor–Council
  MayorRoberto Gualtieri (PD)
  LegislatureCapitoline Assembly
Area
  Total1,285 km2 (496.3 sq mi)
Elevation
21 m (69 ft)
Population
 (31 December 2019)
  Rank1st in Italy (3rd in the EU)
  Density2,236/km2 (5,790/sq mi)
  Comune
2,860,009[1]
  Metropolitan City
4,342,212[2]
Demonym(s)Italian: romano(i) (masculine), romana(e) (feminine)
English: Roman(s)
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
CAP code(s)
00100; 00118 to 00199
Area code(s)06
Websitecomune.roma.it
Official nameHistoric Centre of Rome, the Properties of the Holy See in that City Enjoying Extraterritorial Rights and San Paolo Fuori le Mura
Reference91
Inscription1980 (4th Session)
Area1,431 ha (3,540 acres)
Rome City Centre
  Metro station, use fullscreen to show Termini
  Point of interest

Rome's history spans 28 centuries. While Roman mythology dates the founding of Rome at around 753 BC, the site has been inhabited for much longer, making it a major human settlement for almost three millennia and one of the oldest continuously occupied cities in Europe.[9] The city's early population originated from a mix of Latins, Etruscans, and Sabines. Eventually, the city successively became the capital of the Roman Kingdom, the Roman Republic and the Roman Empire, and is regarded by many as the first-ever Imperial city and metropolis.[10] It was first called The Eternal City (Latin: Urbs Aeterna; Italian: La Città Eterna) by the Roman poet Tibullus in the 1st century BC, and the expression was also taken up by Ovid, Virgil, and Livy.[11][12] Rome is also called "Caput Mundi" (Capital of the World). After the fall of the Empire in the west, which marked the beginning of the Middle Ages, Rome slowly fell under the political control of the Papacy, and in the 8th century, it became the capital of the Papal States, which lasted until 1870. Beginning with the Renaissance, almost all popes since Nicholas V (1447–1455) pursued a coherent architectural and urban programme over four hundred years, aimed at making the city the artistic and cultural centre of the world.[13] In this way, Rome became first one of the major centres of the Renaissance,[14] and then the birthplace of both the Baroque style and Neoclassicism. Famous artists, painters, sculptors, and architects made Rome the centre of their activity, creating masterpieces throughout the city. In 1871, Rome became the capital of the Kingdom of Italy, which, in 1946, became the Italian Republic.

In 2019, Rome was the 14th most visited city in the world, with 8.6 million tourists, the third most visited in the European Union, and the most popular tourist destination in Italy.[15] Its historic centre is listed by UNESCO as a World Heritage Site.[16] The host city for the 1960 Summer Olympics, Rome is also the seat of several specialised agencies of the United Nations, such as the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO), the World Food Programme (WFP) and the International Fund for Agricultural Development (IFAD). The city also hosts the Secretariat of the Parliamentary Assembly of the Union for the Mediterranean[17] (UfM) as well as the headquarters of many international businesses, such as Eni, Enel, TIM, Leonardo S.p.A., and national and international banks such as Unicredit and BNL. Rome's EUR business district is the home of many oil industries, the pharmaceutical industry, and financial services companies. The presence of renowned international brands in the city has made Rome an important centre of fashion and design, and the Cinecittà Studios have been the set of many Academy Award–winning movies.[18]


Share this article:

This article uses material from the Wikipedia article Rome, and is written by contributors. Text is available under a CC BY-SA 4.0 International License; additional terms may apply. Images, videos and audio are available under their respective licenses.