Rotation government

A rotation government is one of the ways of forming of a government in a parliamentary state. It is a government that, during its term, will see the individual holding the post of Prime Minister switch (or "rotate"), whether within the same political bloc or as part of a grand coalition. Israel has seen by far the most experience with such a governing arrangement, however, the current Government of Ireland is under a rotation agreement, the first of its kind in Irish history.

Usually, this alternation is guided by constitutional convention; however, Israel has codified the rotation mechanism.

As of 2021, rotation governments have been formed in Ireland, Israel, Malaysia, and North Macedonia. A successful rotation only took place in Israel; in all other cases, either the rotation has not yet taken place or the government has collapsed before it could occur. A rotation government was considered after the 2005 German federal election.